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Molecules 2018, 23(7), 1717; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules23071717

Essential Oils as Feed Additives—Future Perspectives

1
Faculty of Agriculture, University of Belgrade, Nemanjina 6, 11080 Belgrade, Serbia
2
PATENT CO DOO, Vlade Cetkovica 1A, 24211 Misicevo, Serbia
3
Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Technology and Metallurgy, University of Belgrade, Karnegijeva 4, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marcello Iriti
Received: 11 June 2018 / Revised: 9 July 2018 / Accepted: 10 July 2018 / Published: 14 July 2018
Full-Text   |   PDF [1081 KB, uploaded 14 July 2018]   |  

Abstract

The inconsistency of phytogenic feed additives’ (PFA) effects on the livestock industry poses a risk for their use as a replacement for antibiotic growth promoters. The livestock market is being encouraged to use natural growth promotors, but information is limited about the PFA mode of action. The aim of this paper is to present the complexity of compounds present in essential oils (EOs) and factors that influence biological effects of PFA. In this paper, we highlight various controls and optimization parameters that influence the processes for the standardization of these products. The chemical composition of EOs depends on plant genetics, growth conditions, development stage at harvest, and processes of extracting active compounds. Their biological effects are further influenced by the interaction of phytochemicals and their bioavailability in the gastrointestinal tract of animals. PFA effects on animal health and production are also complex due to various EO antibiotic, antioxidant, anti-quorum sensing, anti-inflammatory, and digestive fluids stimulating activities. Research must focus on reliable methods to identify and control the quality and effects of EOs. In this study, we focused on available microencapsulation techniques of EOs to increase the bioavailability of active compounds, as well as their application in the animal feed additive industry. View Full-Text
Keywords: bioactivity; terpenoids; phytogenic additives; livestock industry; microencapsulation bioactivity; terpenoids; phytogenic additives; livestock industry; microencapsulation
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Stevanović, Z.D.; Bošnjak-Neumüller, J.; Pajić-Lijaković, I.; Raj, J.; Vasiljević, M. Essential Oils as Feed Additives—Future Perspectives. Molecules 2018, 23, 1717.

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