Preparation and Characterization of Quaternized Chitosan Derivatives and Assessment of Their Antioxidant Activity
AbstractChitosan (CS) is an abundant and renewable polysaccharide that is reported to exhibit a great variety of beneficial properties. However, the poor solubility of chitosan in water limits its applications. In this paper, we successfully synthesized single N-quaternized (QCS) and double N-diquaternized (DQCS) chitosan derivatives, and the resulting quaternized materials were water-soluble. The degree of quaternization (DQ) of QCS and DQCS was 0.8 and 1.3, respectively. These derivatives were characterized by FTIR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR, TGA, and SEM. Moreover, the antioxidant activity of the chitosan was evaluated by free radical scavenging ability (against DPPH-radical, hydroxyl-radical, and superoxide-radical) and ferric reducing power. Our results suggested that the antioxidant abilities were in the order of DQCS > QCS > CS, which was consistent with the number of quaternized groups. These data demonstrate that the number of quaternized groups of chitosan derivatives contributes to their antioxidant activity. Therefore, DQCS, with a higher number of quaternized groups and higher positive charge density, is endowed with high antioxidant activity, and can be used as a candidate material in food and pharmaceutical industries. View Full-Text
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Luan, F.; Wei, L.; Zhang, J.; Tan, W.; Chen, Y.; Dong, F.; Li, Q.; Guo, Z. Preparation and Characterization of Quaternized Chitosan Derivatives and Assessment of Their Antioxidant Activity. Molecules 2018, 23, 516.
Luan F, Wei L, Zhang J, Tan W, Chen Y, Dong F, Li Q, Guo Z. Preparation and Characterization of Quaternized Chitosan Derivatives and Assessment of Their Antioxidant Activity. Molecules. 2018; 23(3):516.Chicago/Turabian Style
Luan, Fang; Wei, Lijie; Zhang, Jingjing; Tan, Wenqiang; Chen, Yuan; Dong, Fang; Li, Qing; Guo, Zhanyong. 2018. "Preparation and Characterization of Quaternized Chitosan Derivatives and Assessment of Their Antioxidant Activity." Molecules 23, no. 3: 516.
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