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Molecules 2018, 23(2), 396; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules23020396

Activity of Salvia dolomitica and Salvia somalensis Essential Oils against Bacteria, Molds and Yeasts

1
Department of Veterinary Science, University of Pisa, Viale delle Piagge 2, 56124 Pisa, Italy
2
Centro Interdipartimentale di Ricerca “Nutraceutica e Alimentazione per la Salute”, University of Pisa, Via del Borghetto 80, 56124 Pisa, Italy
3
Department of Pharmacy, University of Pisa, Via Bonanno 6, 56126 Pisa, Italy
4
Centro di Ricerca Orticoltura e Florovivaismo (CREA), Corso Degli Inglesi 508, 18038 Sanremo, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 13 December 2017 / Revised: 2 February 2018 / Accepted: 9 February 2018 / Published: 13 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Essential Oils as Antimicrobial and Anti-infectious Agents)
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Abstract

Essential oils (EOs) from Salvia dolomitica and Salvia somalensis, widely employed in the cosmetic and perfume industry, were analyzed for composition and tested against bacterial and fungal pathogens isolated from clinical and environmental specimens. The analyses were carried out against Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus pseudointermedius, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli, Streptococcus canis, Streptococcus pyogenes, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Proteus mirabilis, Microsporum canis, Microsporum gypseum, Trichophyton mentagrophytes, Aspergillus niger, Aspergillus flavus, Candida albicans, Candida krusei, Mucor sp. and Trichothecium roseum. Both EOs showed similar percentages of total monoterpenes and sesquiterpene hydrocarbons. The main constituents were 1,8-cineole and β-caryophyllene in S. dolomitica and bornyl acetate and camphor in S. somalensis. The selected EOs have no relevant antifungal or antibacterial activities if compared to conventional drugs. View Full-Text
Keywords: Salvia dolomitica; Salvia somalensis; antibacterial activity; antifungal activity Salvia dolomitica; Salvia somalensis; antibacterial activity; antifungal activity
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Ebani, V.V.; Nardoni, S.; Bertelloni, F.; Giovanelli, S.; Ruffoni, B.; D’Ascenzi, C.; Pistelli, L.; Mancianti, F. Activity of Salvia dolomitica and Salvia somalensis Essential Oils against Bacteria, Molds and Yeasts. Molecules 2018, 23, 396.

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