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Molecules 2017, 22(8), 1307; doi:10.3390/molecules22081307

An Introduction to Zeolite Synthesis Using Imidazolium-Based Cations as Organic Structure-Directing Agents

1
LABPEMOL, Institute of Chemistry, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN), Av. Senador Salgado Filho, 3000, Lagoa Nova, 59078-970 Natal/RN, Brazil
2
LRC, Institute of Chemistry, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Av. Bento Gonçalves, 9500. P.O. BOX 15003, 91501-970 Porto Alegre/RS, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 June 2017 / Revised: 1 August 2017 / Accepted: 4 August 2017 / Published: 6 August 2017
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Abstract

Zeolite synthesis is a wide area of study with increasing popularity. Several general reviews have already been published, but they did not summarize the study of imidazolium species in zeolite synthesis. Imidazolium derivatives are promising compounds in the search for new zeolites and can be used to help understand the structure-directing role. Nearly 50 different imidazolium cations have already been used, resulting in a variety of zeolitic types, but there are still many derivatives to be studied. In this context, the purpose of this short review is to help researchers starting in this area by summarizing the most important concepts related to imidazolium-based zeolite studies and by presenting a table of recent imidazolium derivatives that have been recently studied to facilitate filling in the knowledge gaps. View Full-Text
Keywords: imidazolium-based cations; zeolite synthesis; structure-directing agents imidazolium-based cations; zeolite synthesis; structure-directing agents
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Vinaches, P.; Bernardo-Gusmão, K.; Pergher, S.B.C. An Introduction to Zeolite Synthesis Using Imidazolium-Based Cations as Organic Structure-Directing Agents. Molecules 2017, 22, 1307.

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