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Molecules 2017, 22(8), 1303; doi:10.3390/molecules22081303

Upregulation of Melanogenesis and Tyrosinase Activity: Potential Agents for Vitiligo

1,2
and
1,2,*
1
Key Laboratory of Plant Resources and Chemistry of Arid Zone, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Urumqi 830011, China
2
State Key Laboratory Basis of Xinjiang Indigenous Medicinal Plants Resource Utilization, Xinjiang Technical Institute of Physics and Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Urumqi 830011, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Diego Muñoz-Torrero
Received: 11 July 2017 / Revised: 28 July 2017 / Accepted: 1 August 2017 / Published: 4 August 2017

Abstract

Melanin, the compound primarily responsible in humans for hair, eye and skin pigmentation, is produced by melanocytes through a complicated process called melanogenesis that is catalyzed by tyrosinase and other tyrosinase-related proteins. The abnormal loss of melanin causes dermatological problems such as vitiligo. Hence the regulation of melanogenesis and tyrosinase activity is very important for treating hypopigmentary disorders. Many melanogenesis stimulators have been discovered during the past decade. This article reviews recent advances in research on extracts and active ingredients of plants, synthesized compounds with stimulating effect on melanin synthesis and tyrosinase activity, as well as their influence on the expression of related proteins and possible signaling pathways for the design and development of novel anti-vitiligo agents. View Full-Text
Keywords: melanogenesis; tyrosinase activity; vitiligo; plant extracts; natural products; synthesized derivatives; analogues melanogenesis; tyrosinase activity; vitiligo; plant extracts; natural products; synthesized derivatives; analogues
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Niu, C.; Aisa, H.A. Upregulation of Melanogenesis and Tyrosinase Activity: Potential Agents for Vitiligo. Molecules 2017, 22, 1303.

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