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Molecules 2017, 22(7), 1117; doi:10.3390/molecules22071117

Isopentyl-Sulfide-Impregnated Nano-MnO2 for the Selective Sorption of Pd(II) from the Leaching Liquor of Ores

School of Chemistry Science and Engineering, Yunnan University, Cuihu North Road No. 2, Kunming 650091, China
These two authors contributed equally to this work.
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Received: 11 June 2017 / Revised: 1 July 2017 / Accepted: 2 July 2017 / Published: 6 July 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Organometallic Chemistry)
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Abstract

Conventional separation methods are not suitable for recovering palladium present in low concentrations in ore leaching solutions. In this study, a novel isopentyl sulfide (S201)-impregnated α-MnO2 nanorod adsorbent (BISIN) was prepared, characterized, and applied for the selective adsorption and separation of palladium from the leaching liquor of ores. Batch studies were carried out, and the main adsorption parameters were systematically investigated, in addition to the relevant thermodynamic parameters, isotherms, and kinetic models. The thermodynamic parameters reflected the endothermic and spontaneous nature of the adsorption. Moreover, the experimental results indicated that the Langmuir isotherm model fits the palladium adsorption data well and the adsorption was well described by the pseudo-second-order kinetic model. The main adsorption mechanisms of palladium were elucidated at the molecular level by X-ray crystal structure analysis. Thiourea was found to be an excellent desorption agent, and the palladium-thiourea complex was also confirmed by X-ray crystal structure analysis. The results indicated that almost all of the Pd(II) (>99.0%) is adsorbed on BISIN, whereas less than 2% of the adsorbed Pt(IV), Fe3+, Cu2+, Ni2+, and Co2+ is observed under the optimum conditions. The proposed method can be used for the efficient adsorption and separation of palladium from the leaching liquor of ores. View Full-Text
Keywords: manganese dioxide; isopentyl sulfide; palladium; adsorption; separation manganese dioxide; isopentyl sulfide; palladium; adsorption; separation
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Wu, S.; Xie, M.; Zhang, Q.; Zhong, L.; Chen, M.; Huang, Z. Isopentyl-Sulfide-Impregnated Nano-MnO2 for the Selective Sorption of Pd(II) from the Leaching Liquor of Ores. Molecules 2017, 22, 1117.

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