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Molecules 2017, 22(6), 1017; doi:10.3390/molecules22061017

Systemic Induction of the Defensin and Phytoalexin Pisatin Pathways in Pea (Pisum sativum) against Aphanomyces euteiches by Acetylated and Nonacetylated Oligogalacturonides

1
HydrISE, UniLaSalle, Beauvais, SFR Condorcet 3417, 19 Rue Pierre Waguet, BP 30313, F-60026 Beauvais CEDEX, France
2
Current address: JS Consulting, 17c Avenue Jean Jaurès, 31290 Villefranche de Lauragais, France
3
Current address: University of Technology of Compiègne (UTC), Centre Pierre Guillaumat, Rue du Docteur Schweitzer, F-60203 Compiègne CEDEX, France
4
Laboratoire des Polysaccharides Microbiens et Végétaux, Université de Picardie Jules Verne, Avenue des Facultés, Le Bailly, F-80025 Amiens CEDEX, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 24 May 2017 / Revised: 16 June 2017 / Accepted: 17 June 2017 / Published: 19 June 2017
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Abstract

Oligogalacturonides (OGs) are known for their powerful ability to stimulate the plant immune system but little is known about their mode of action in pea (Pisum sativum). In the present study, we investigated the elicitor activity of two fractions of OGs, with polymerization degrees (DPs) of 2–25, in pea against Aphanomyces euteiches. One fraction was nonacetylated (OGs − Ac) whereas the second one was 30% acetylated (OGs + Ac). OGs were applied by injecting the upper two rachises of the plants at three- and/or four-weeks-old. Five-week-old roots were inoculated with 105 zoospores of A. euteiches. The root infection level was determined at 7, 10 and 14 days after inoculation using the quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR). Results showed significant root infection reductions namely 58, 45 and 48% in the plants treated with 80 µg OGs + Ac and 59, 56 and 65% with 200 µg of OGs − Ac. Gene expression results showed the upregulation of genes involved in the antifungal defensins, lignans and the phytoalexin pisatin pathways and a priming effect in the basal defense, SA and ROS gene markers as a response to OGs. The reduction of the efficient dose in OGs + Ac is suggesting that acetylation is necessary for some specific responses. Our work provides the first evidence for the potential of OGs in the defense induction in pea against Aphanomyces root rot. View Full-Text
Keywords: pea root rot; Aphanomyces euteiches; oligogalacturonides; real-time qPCR; gene expression; pea defense pathways; defensins; pisatins; phytoalexins pea root rot; Aphanomyces euteiches; oligogalacturonides; real-time qPCR; gene expression; pea defense pathways; defensins; pisatins; phytoalexins
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MDPI and ACS Style

Selim, S.; Sanssené, J.; Rossard, S.; Courtois, J. Systemic Induction of the Defensin and Phytoalexin Pisatin Pathways in Pea (Pisum sativum) against Aphanomyces euteiches by Acetylated and Nonacetylated Oligogalacturonides. Molecules 2017, 22, 1017.

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