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Molecules 2017, 22(5), 838; doi:10.3390/molecules22050838

The Impact of Halloysite on the Thermo-Mechanical Properties of Polymer Composites

1
Department of Mechanical & Materials Engineering, Faculty of Engineering & Built Environment, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, Selangor 43600, Malaysia
2
Department of Machinery Equipment Engineering Techniques, Technical College Al-Musaib, Al-Furat Al-Awsat Technical University, Al-Musaib, Babil 51009, Iraq
3
Department of Chemical & Process Engineering, Faculty of Engineering & Built Environment, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, Selangor 43600, Malaysia
4
Program of Chemical Engineering, Taylor′s University-Lakeside Campus, Subang Jaya, Selangor 47500, Malaysia
5
Solar Energy Research Institute (SERI), Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, Selangor 43600, Malaysia
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Derek J. McPhee
Received: 12 April 2017 / Revised: 10 May 2017 / Accepted: 15 May 2017 / Published: 20 May 2017
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [4294 KB, uploaded 20 May 2017]   |  

Abstract

Nanotubular clay minerals, composed of aluminosilicate naturally structured in layers known as halloysite nanotubes (HNTs), have a significant reinforcing impact on polymer matrixes. HNTs have broad applications in biomedical applications, the medicine sector, implant alloys with corrosion protection and manipulated transportation of medicines. In polymer engineering, different research studies utilize HNTs that exhibit a beneficial enhancement in the properties of polymer-based nanocomposites. The dispersion of HNTs is improved as a result of pre-treating HNTs with acids. The HNTs’ percentage additive up to 7% shows the highest improvement of tensile strength. The degradation of the polymer can be also significantly improved by doping a low percentage of HNTs. Both the mechanical and thermal properties of polymers were remarkably improved when mixed with HNTs. The effects of HNTs on the mechanical and thermal properties of polymers, such as ultimate strength, elastic modulus, impact strength and thermal stability, are emphasized in this study. View Full-Text
Keywords: polymer-matrix composite; nanostructure; mechanical properties; physical properties; mechanical testing; thermal analysis polymer-matrix composite; nanostructure; mechanical properties; physical properties; mechanical testing; thermal analysis
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Gaaz, T.S.; Sulong, A.B.; Kadhum, A.A.H.; Al-Amiery, A.A.; Nassir, M.H.; Jaaz, A.H. The Impact of Halloysite on the Thermo-Mechanical Properties of Polymer Composites. Molecules 2017, 22, 838.

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