Ontogenetic Variation of Individual and Total Capsaicinoids in Malagueta Peppers (Capsicum frutescens) during Fruit Maturation
AbstractThe ontogenetic variation of total and individual capsaicinoids (nordihydrocapsaicin (n-DHC), capsaicin (C), dihydrocapsaicin (DHC), homocapsaicin (h-C) and homodihydrocapsaicin (h-DHC)) present in Malagueta pepper (Capsicum frutescens) during fruit ripening has been studied. Malagueta peppers were grown in a greenhouse under controlled temperature and humidity conditions. Capsaicinoids were extracted using ultrasound-assisted extraction (UAE) and the extracts were analyzed by ultra-performance liquid chromatography (UHPLC) with fluorescence detection. A significant increase in the total content of capsaicinoids was observed in the early days (between 12 and 33). Between day 33 and 40 there was a slight reduction in the total capsaicinoid content (3.3% decrease). C was the major capsaicinoid, followed by DHC, n-DHC, h-C and h-DHC. By considering the evolution of standardized values of the capsaicinoids it was verified that n-DHC, DHC and h-DHC (dihydrocapsaicin-like capsaicinoids) present a similar behavior pattern, while h-C and C (capsaicin-like capsaicinoids) show different evolution patterns. View Full-Text
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Fayos, O.; de Aguiar, A.C.; Jiménez-Cantizano, A.; Ferreiro-González, M.; Garcés-Claver, A.; Martínez, J.; Mallor, C.; Ruiz-Rodríguez, A.; Palma, M.; Barroso, C.G.; Barbero, G.F. Ontogenetic Variation of Individual and Total Capsaicinoids in Malagueta Peppers (Capsicum frutescens) during Fruit Maturation. Molecules 2017, 22, 736.
Fayos O, de Aguiar AC, Jiménez-Cantizano A, Ferreiro-González M, Garcés-Claver A, Martínez J, Mallor C, Ruiz-Rodríguez A, Palma M, Barroso CG, Barbero GF. Ontogenetic Variation of Individual and Total Capsaicinoids in Malagueta Peppers (Capsicum frutescens) during Fruit Maturation. Molecules. 2017; 22(5):736.Chicago/Turabian Style
Fayos, Oreto; de Aguiar, Ana C.; Jiménez-Cantizano, Ana; Ferreiro-González, Marta; Garcés-Claver, Ana; Martínez, Julián; Mallor, Cristina; Ruiz-Rodríguez, Ana; Palma, Miguel; Barroso, Carmelo G.; Barbero, Gerardo F. 2017. "Ontogenetic Variation of Individual and Total Capsaicinoids in Malagueta Peppers (Capsicum frutescens) during Fruit Maturation." Molecules 22, no. 5: 736.
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