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Molecules 2017, 22(4), 558; doi:10.3390/molecules22040558

Selenium and Sulfur to Produce Allium Functional Crops

1
CONACYT-Universidad Autónoma Agraria Antonio Narro, Saltillo 25315, Mexico
2
Departamento de Horticultura, Universidad Autónoma Agraria Antonio Narro, Saltillo 25315, Mexico
3
Facultad de Ciencias Biológicas, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Ave. Pedro de Alba s/n, Ciudad Universitaria, San Nicolás de los Garza 66450, Mexico
4
Departamento de Botánica, Universidad Autónoma Agraria Antonio Narro, Saltillo 25315, Mexico
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Martin C. H. Gruhlke and Alan J. Slusarenko
Received: 26 February 2017 / Revised: 27 March 2017 / Accepted: 27 March 2017 / Published: 30 March 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Chemistry of Alliums)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1461 KB, uploaded 31 March 2017]   |  

Abstract

Selenium is an element that must be considered in the nutrition of certain crops since its use allows the obtaining of biofortified crops with a positive impact on human health. The objective of this review is to present the information on the use of Se and S in the cultivation of plants of the genus Allium. The main proposal is to use Allium as specialist plants for biofortification with Se and S, considering the natural ability to accumulate both elements in different phytochemicals, which promotes the functional value of Allium. In spite of this, in the agricultural production of these species, the addition of sulfur is not realized to obtain functional foods and plants more resistant; it is only sought to cover the necessary requirements for growth. On the other hand, selenium does not appear in the agronomic management plans of most of the producers. Including S and Se fertilization as part of agronomic management can substantially improve Allium crop production. Allium species may be suitable to carry out biofortification with Se; this practice can be combined with the intensive use of S to obtain crops with higher production and sensory, nutritional, and functional quality. View Full-Text
Keywords: nutritional quality; biofortification; phytochemicals of Allium; sulfur metabolism; selenium metabolism nutritional quality; biofortification; phytochemicals of Allium; sulfur metabolism; selenium metabolism
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MDPI and ACS Style

González-Morales, S.; Pérez-Labrada, F.; García-Enciso, E.L.; Leija-Martínez, P.; Medrano-Macías, J.; Dávila-Rangel, I.E.; Juárez-Maldonado, A.; Rivas-Martínez, E.N.; Benavides-Mendoza, A. Selenium and Sulfur to Produce Allium Functional Crops. Molecules 2017, 22, 558.

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