Structural Probing and Molecular Modeling of the A3 Adenosine Receptor: A Focus on Agonist Binding
AbstractAdenosine is an endogenous modulator exerting its functions through the activation of four adenosine receptor (AR) subtypes, termed A1, A2A, A2B and A3, which belong to the G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) superfamily. The human A3AR (hA3AR) subtype is implicated in several cytoprotective functions. Therefore, hA3AR modulators, and in particular agonists, are sought for their potential application as anti-inflammatory, anticancer, and cardioprotective agents. Structure-based molecular modeling techniques have been applied over the years to rationalize the structure–activity relationships (SARs) of newly emerged A3AR ligands, guide the subsequent lead optimization, and interpret site-directed mutagenesis (SDM) data from a molecular perspective. In this review, we showcase selected modeling-based and guided strategies that were applied to elucidate the binding of agonists to the A3AR and discuss the challenges associated with an accurate prediction of the receptor extracellular vestibule through homology modeling from the available X-ray templates. View Full-Text
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Ciancetta, A.; Jacobson, K.A. Structural Probing and Molecular Modeling of the A3 Adenosine Receptor: A Focus on Agonist Binding. Molecules 2017, 22, 449.
Ciancetta A, Jacobson KA. Structural Probing and Molecular Modeling of the A3 Adenosine Receptor: A Focus on Agonist Binding. Molecules. 2017; 22(3):449.Chicago/Turabian Style
Ciancetta, Antonella; Jacobson, Kenneth A. 2017. "Structural Probing and Molecular Modeling of the A3 Adenosine Receptor: A Focus on Agonist Binding." Molecules 22, no. 3: 449.
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