Biologic Stress, Oxidative Stress, and Resistance to Drugs: What Is Hidden Behind
AbstractStress can be defined as the homeostatic, nonspecific defensive response of the organism to challenges. It is expressed by morphological, biochemical, and functional changes. In this review, we present biological and oxidative stress, as well as their interrelation. In addition to the mediation in biologic stress (central nervous, immune, and hormonal systems) and oxidative stress, the effect of these phenomena on xenobiotic metabolism and drug response is also examined. It is concluded that stress decreases drug response, a result which seems to be mainly attributed to the induction of hepatic drug metabolizing enzymes. A number of mechanisms are presented. Structure-activity studies are also discussed. Vitamin E, as well as two synthetic novel compounds, seem to reduce both oxidative and biological stress and, consequently, influence drug response and metabolism. View Full-Text
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Pantelidou, M.; Tsiakitzis, K.; Rekka, E.A.; Kourounakis, P.N. Biologic Stress, Oxidative Stress, and Resistance to Drugs: What Is Hidden Behind. Molecules 2017, 22, 307.
Pantelidou M, Tsiakitzis K, Rekka EA, Kourounakis PN. Biologic Stress, Oxidative Stress, and Resistance to Drugs: What Is Hidden Behind. Molecules. 2017; 22(2):307.Chicago/Turabian Style
Pantelidou, Maria; Tsiakitzis, Karyofyllis; Rekka, Eleni A.; Kourounakis, Panos N. 2017. "Biologic Stress, Oxidative Stress, and Resistance to Drugs: What Is Hidden Behind." Molecules 22, no. 2: 307.
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