Next Article in Journal
Anti-Hyperglycemic Activity of Major Compounds from Calea ternifolia
Next Article in Special Issue
Effects of Copper Pollution on the Phenolic Compound Content, Color, and Antioxidant Activity of Wine
Previous Article in Journal
Iron Supply Affects Anthocyanin Content and Related Gene Expression in Berries of Vitis vinifera cv. Cabernet Sauvignon
Previous Article in Special Issue
Dibasic Ammonium Phosphate Application Enhances Aromatic Compound Concentration in Bog Bilberry Syrup Wine
Article Menu
Issue 2 (February) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Molecules 2017, 22(2), 286; doi:10.3390/molecules22020286

Addressing Facts and Gaps in the Phenolics Chemistry of Winery By-Products

1
Centre for the Research and Technology of Agro-Environmental and Biological Sciences, University of Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro (CITAB-UTAD), Quinta de Prados, 5000-801 Vila Real, Portugal
2
Research Group on Quality, Safety and Bioactivity of Plant Foods, Department of Food Science and Technology, CEBAS (CSIC), Campus University, Edif. 25, Espinardo, 30100 Murcia, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Derek J. McPhee
Received: 12 November 2016 / Revised: 6 February 2017 / Accepted: 7 February 2017 / Published: 14 February 2017
(This article belongs to the Collection Wine Chemistry)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1749 KB, uploaded 14 February 2017]   |  

Abstract

Grape and wine phenolics display a noticeable structural diversity, encompassing distinct compounds ranging from simple molecules to oligomers, as well as polymers usually designated as tannins. Since these compounds contribute critically to the organoleptic properties of wines, their analysis and quantification are of primordial importance for winery industry operators. Besides, the occurrence of these compounds has been also extensively described in winery residues, which have been pointed as a valuable source of bioactive phytochemicals presenting potential for the development of new added value products that could fit the current market demands. Therefore, the cumulative knowledge generated during the last decades has allowed the identification of the most promising compounds displaying interesting biological functions, as well as the chemical features responsible for the observed bioactivities. In this regard, the present review explores the scope of the existing knowledge, concerning the compounds found in these winery by-products, as well as the chemical features presumably responsible for the biological functions already identified. Moreover, the present work will hopefully pave the way for further actions to develop new powerful applications to these materials, thus, contributing to more sustainable valorization procedures and the development of newly obtained compounds with enhanced biological properties. View Full-Text
Keywords: grape; Vitis vinifera L.; phenolic compounds; chemical structure; biological activity grape; Vitis vinifera L.; phenolic compounds; chemical structure; biological activity
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Machado, N.F.L.; Domínguez-Perles, R. Addressing Facts and Gaps in the Phenolics Chemistry of Winery By-Products. Molecules 2017, 22, 286.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]

Molecules EISSN 1420-3049 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top