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Molecules 2017, 22(1), 33; doi:10.3390/molecules22010033

Retro-Curcuminoids as Mimics of Dehydrozingerone and Curcumin: Synthesis, NMR, X-ray, and Cytotoxic Activity

1
Instituto de Química, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Circuito Exterior, Ciudad Universitaria, México, D.F. C.P. 04510, Mexico
2
Centro de Química, Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla, Puebla C.P. 72570, Mexico
3
Departamento de Sistemas Biológicos, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, Unidad Xochimilco, México, D.F. C.P. 04960, Mexico
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Derek J. McPhee
Received: 24 November 2016 / Revised: 13 December 2016 / Accepted: 16 December 2016 / Published: 29 December 2016
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Abstract

Curcumin and its derivatives have been extensively studied for their remarkable medicinal properties, and their chemical synthesis has been an important step in the optimization of well-controlled laboratory production. A family of new compounds that mimic the structure of curcumin and curcuminoids, here named retro-curcuminoids (714), was synthesized and characterized using 1D 1H- and 13C-NMR, IR, and mass spectrometry; the X-ray structure of 7, 8, 9, 10, 12, 13, and 14 are reported here for the first time. The main structural feature of these compounds is the reverse linkage of the two aromatic moieties, where the acid chloride moiety is linked to the phenolic group while preserving α, β-unsaturated ketone functionality. The cytotoxic screening of 7, 8, 9, and 10 at 50 and 10 µg/mL was carried out with human cancer cell lines K562, MCF-7, and SKLU-1. Lipid peroxidation on rat brain was also tested for compounds 7 and 10. Compounds 7, 8, and 10 showed relevant cytotoxic activity against these cancer cell lines, and 10 showed a protective effect against lipid peroxidation. The molecular resemblance to curcuminoids and analogs with ortho substituents suggests a potential source of useful bioactive compounds. View Full-Text
Keywords: retro-curcuminoids; curcuminoid; curcumin; α,β-unsaturated-ketone; dehydrozingerone retro-curcuminoids; curcuminoid; curcumin; α,β-unsaturated-ketone; dehydrozingerone
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Obregón-Mendoza, M.A.; Estévez-Carmona, M.M.; Hernández-Ortega, S.; Soriano-García, M.; Ramírez-Apan, M.T.; Orea, L.; Pilotzi, H.; Gnecco, D.; Cassani, J.; Enríquez, R.G. Retro-Curcuminoids as Mimics of Dehydrozingerone and Curcumin: Synthesis, NMR, X-ray, and Cytotoxic Activity. Molecules 2017, 22, 33.

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