Chemical Composition, Antibacterial Properties and Mechanism of Action of Essential Oil from Clove Buds against Staphylococcus aureus
AbstractThe essential oil of clove has a wide range of pharmacological and biological activities and is widely used in the medicine, fragrance and flavoring industries. In this work, 22 components of the essential oil obtained from clove buds were identified. Eugenol was the major component (76.23%). The essential oil exhibited strong antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923 with a minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of 0.625 mg/mL, and the antibacterial effects depended on its concentration and action time. Kill-time assays also confirmed the essential oil had a significant effect on the growth rate of surviving S. aureus. We hypothesized that the essential oil may interact with the cell wall and membrane first. On the one hand it destroys cell wall and membranes, next causing the losses of vital intracellular materials, which finally result in the bacterial death. Besides, essential oil penetrates to the cytoplasmic membrane or enters inside the cell after destruction of cell structure, and then inhibits the normal synthesis of DNA and proteins that are required for bacterial growth. These results suggested that the effects of the clove essential oil on the growth inhibition of S. aureus may be at the molecular level rather than only physical damage. View Full-Text
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Description: Figure S1. Effects of different concentrations of essential oil on S. aureus. Cup 0, control; cup1, 12.5% essential oil; cup 2, 25% essential oil Figure S2. Plates after 24 h in modified resazurin assay (pink colour indicates growth and blue means inhibition of growth). column a, sterility control (broth + indicator), no bacteria; column b, sterility control (test compound in serial dilution + broth + indicator), no bacteria; columns c and d, control without drug (bacteria + broth + indicator); columns e and f, test essential oil (in serial dilution in wells A–H + broth + indicator + bacteria); columns g-m, replicates of columns a-f, respectively; lines A-H, treatment with 0.39%-50% essential oil, respectively.
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Xu, J.-G.; Liu, T.; Hu, Q.-P.; Cao, X.-M. Chemical Composition, Antibacterial Properties and Mechanism of Action of Essential Oil from Clove Buds against Staphylococcus aureus. Molecules 2016, 21, 1194.
Xu J-G, Liu T, Hu Q-P, Cao X-M. Chemical Composition, Antibacterial Properties and Mechanism of Action of Essential Oil from Clove Buds against Staphylococcus aureus. Molecules. 2016; 21(9):1194.Chicago/Turabian Style
Xu, Jian-Guo; Liu, Ting; Hu, Qing-Ping; Cao, Xin-Ming. 2016. "Chemical Composition, Antibacterial Properties and Mechanism of Action of Essential Oil from Clove Buds against Staphylococcus aureus." Molecules 21, no. 9: 1194.
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