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Molecules 2016, 21(9), 1179; doi:10.3390/molecules21091179

A Review on the Terpenes from Genus Vitex

1
Tianjin State Key Laboratory of Modern Chinese Medicine, Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 312 Anshanxi Road, Nankai District, Tianjin 300193, China
2
Key Laboratory of Formula of Traditional Chinese Medicine of Ministry of Education, Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 312 Anshanxi Road, Nankai District, Tianjin 300193, China
3
School of Chinese Materia Medica, Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 312 Anshanxi Road, Nankai District, Tianjin 300193, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Derek J. McPhee
Received: 19 July 2016 / Revised: 31 August 2016 / Accepted: 1 September 2016 / Published: 6 September 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Natural Products)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1306 KB, uploaded 6 September 2016]   |  

Abstract

The genus Vitex, which belongs to the Verbenaceae family, includes approximately 250 species. Some species of the genus Vitex have traditionally been used for the treatment of headaches, ophthalmodynia, coughs, asthma, premenopausal syndrome, etc. Chemical investigations indicate that the characteristic constituents of the genus Vitex are terpenes, and 210 of these compounds, including monoterpenoids, sesquiterpenoids, diterpenoids and triterpenoids, have been obtained from 12 species. Pharmacological studies had shown that these terpenes possess anti-inflammatory, antitumor, antibacterial, antioxidant activities, and so on. In this paper, the identity of these terpenes and their pharmacological effects are reviewed, which can provide references for further research regarding the chemistry and utilization of the Vitex species. View Full-Text
Keywords: Vitex genus; chemical constituents; terpenes; pharmacological effects Vitex genus; chemical constituents; terpenes; pharmacological effects
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Yao, J.-L.; Fang, S.-M.; Liu, R.; Oppong, M.B.; Liu, E.-W.; Fan, G.-W.; Zhang, H. A Review on the Terpenes from Genus Vitex. Molecules 2016, 21, 1179.

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