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Molecules 2016, 21(8), 1068; doi:10.3390/molecules21081068

N-Alkoxyphenylhydroxynaphthalenecarboxamides and Their Antimycobacterial Activity

1
Department of Chemical Drugs, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Palackeho 1, Brno 61242, Czech Republic
2
Department of Infectious Diseases and Microbiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Palackeho 1, Brno 61242, Czech Republic
3
Department of Human Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Palackeho 1, Brno 61242, Czech Republic
4
Central Laboratories, Faculty of Chemical and Food Technology, Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava, Radlinskeho 9, Bratislava 81237, Slovakia
5
Global Change Research Institute CAS, Belidla 986/4a, Brno 60300, Czech Republic
6
Department of Biological Sciences, Cork Institute of Technology, Bishopstown, Cork, Ireland
7
Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Comenius University, Odbojarov 10, Bratislava 83232, Slovakia
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Derek J. McPhee
Received: 27 July 2016 / Revised: 9 August 2016 / Accepted: 12 August 2016 / Published: 16 August 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Medicinal Chemistry)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1120 KB, uploaded 16 August 2016]   |  

Abstract

A series of nineteen N-(alkoxyphenyl)-2-hydroxynaphthalene-1-carboxamides and a series of their nineteen positional isomers N-(alkoxyphenyl)-1-hydroxynaphthalene-2-carboxamides were prepared and characterized. Primary in vitro screening of all the synthesized compounds was performed against Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Ra, M. kansasii and M. smegmatis. Screening of the cytotoxicity of the compounds was performed using human monocytic leukemia THP-1 cells. Some of the tested compounds showed antimycobacterial activity comparable with or higher than that of rifampicin. For example, 2-hydroxy-N-(4-propoxyphenyl)-naphthalene-1-carboxamide showed the highest activity (MIC = 12 µM) against M. tuberculosis with insignificant cytotoxicity. N-[3-(But-2-yloxy)phenyl]- and N-[4-(but-2-yloxy)phenyl]-2-hydroxy-naphthalene-1-carboxamide demonstrated high activity against all tested mycobacterial strains and insignificant cytotoxicity. N-(Alkoxyphenyl)-1-hydroxynaphthalene-2-carboxamides demonstrated rather high effect against M. smegmatis and M. kansasii and strong antiproliferative effect against the human THP-1 cell line. Lipophilicity was found as the main physicochemical parameter influencing the activity. A significant decrease of mycobacterial cell metabolism (viability of M. tuberculosis H37Ra) was observed using MTT (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl-tetrazolium bromide) assay. Structure-activity relationships are discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: hydroxynaphthalenecarboxamides; in vitro antimycobacterial activity; MTT assay; lipophilicity; structure-activity relationships hydroxynaphthalenecarboxamides; in vitro antimycobacterial activity; MTT assay; lipophilicity; structure-activity relationships
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gonec, T.; Pospisilova, S.; Kauerova, T.; Kos, J.; Dohanosova, J.; Oravec, M.; Kollar, P.; Coffey, A.; Liptaj, T.; Cizek, A.; Jampilek, J. N-Alkoxyphenylhydroxynaphthalenecarboxamides and Their Antimycobacterial Activity. Molecules 2016, 21, 1068.

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