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Molecules 2016, 21(7), 913; doi:10.3390/molecules21070913

Simultaneous Determination of Eight Alkaloids in Rat Plasma by UHPLC-MS/MS after Oral Administration of Coptis deltoidea C. Y. Cheng et Hsiao and Coptis chinensis Franch

1
Department of Pharmaceutical Analysis and Analytical Chemistry, College of Pharmacy, Harbin Medical University, No. 157 Baojian Road, Nangang District, Harbin 150081, China
2
Key Laboratory of Chinese Materia Medica (Ministry of Education), Heilongjiang University of Chinese Medicine, 24 Heping Road, Xiangfang District, Harbin 150040, China
3
School of Pharmacy, China Medical University, Shenyang 110001, China
4
Analytical Department, Johnson & Johnson, 199 Grandview Road, Skillman, NJ 08558, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Thomas J. Schmidt
Received: 9 May 2016 / Revised: 8 July 2016 / Accepted: 8 July 2016 / Published: 14 July 2016
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Abstract

A ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-ESI-MS/MS) method was successfully developed and validated for the identification and determination of eight alkaloids: tetrahydropalmatine (A); palmatine (B); magnoflorine (C); columbamine (D); berberine (E); worenine (F); berberrubine (G) and coptisine (H) in rat plasma, which are the active components in Coptis deltoidea C. Y. cheng et Hsiao (CCY) and Coptis chinensis Franch (CF). The chromatographic separation of analytes was successfully achieved on an Agilent SB-C18 column (1.8 µm, 150 mm × 2.1 mm) using a programme with a mobile phase consisting of acetonitrile and water containing 0.3% acetic acid at a flow rate of 0.25 mL/min. The analytes were detected with a triple quadrupole tandem MS in multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) mode and an electrospray ionization (ESI) source in positive mode. The validated method showed good linearity over a wide concentration range (r2 > 0.991), and lower limits of quantification (LLOQ) less than 1.1 ng/mL for all analytes, and matrix effects ranged from 85.2% to 106.8%. The mean extraction recoveries were no less than 86.4%, and the precision and accuracy were within the acceptable limits. All analytes were proven to be stable during sample storage and analysis procedures. The method validation results demonstrated that the proposed method was sensitive, specific, and reliable, which could lay a foundation for the pharmacokinetic study of eight analytes after oral administration of CCY and CF in subsequent studies. View Full-Text
Keywords: alkaloids; UHPLC-MS/MS; method development; rat plasma alkaloids; UHPLC-MS/MS; method development; rat plasma
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MDPI and ACS Style

Liu, L.; Wang, Z.-B.; Song, Y.; Yang, J.; Wu, L.-J.; Yang, B.-Y.; Wang, Q.-H.; Wang, L.-Q.; Wang, R.-X.; Yang, C.-J. Simultaneous Determination of Eight Alkaloids in Rat Plasma by UHPLC-MS/MS after Oral Administration of Coptis deltoidea C. Y. Cheng et Hsiao and Coptis chinensis Franch. Molecules 2016, 21, 913.

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