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Molecules 2016, 21(7), 885; doi:10.3390/molecules21070885

Using Low Temperature Photoluminescence Spectroscopy to Investigate CH3NH3PbI3 Hybrid Perovskite Degradation

1
Laboratoire Aimé Cotton, Ecole Normale Supérieure de Cachan, CNRS, Université Paris-Sud, Université Paris-Saclay, Bât 505 Campus d’Orsay, 91405 Orsay, France
2
Laboratoire de Photophysique et Photochimie Supramoléculaires et Macromoléculaires de l’Ecole Normale Supérieure de Cachan, 61 Avenue du Président Wilson, 94235 Cachan, France
3
Groupe d’Etudes de la Matière Condensée (GEMaC), CNRS, Université de Versailles Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines, Université Paris-Saclay, 45 Avenue des Etats-Unis, 78035 Versailles Cedex, France
4
Laboratory of Innovation in Surface Chemistry and Nanosciences, NIMBE, CEA, CNRS, Université Paris-Saclay, CEA Saclay, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex, France
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: J.A.A.W. Elemans
Received: 25 May 2016 / Revised: 29 June 2016 / Accepted: 30 June 2016 / Published: 8 July 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Molecular Materials)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [6454 KB, uploaded 8 July 2016]   |  

Abstract

Investigating the stability and evaluating the quality of the CH3NH3PbI3 perovskite structures is quite critical both to the design and fabrication of high-performance perovskite devices and to fundamental studies of the photophysics of the excitons. In particular, it is known that, under ambient conditions, CH3NH3PbI3 degrades producing some PbI2. We show here that low temperature Photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy is a powerful tool to detect PbI2 traces in hybrid perovskite layers and single crystals. Because PL spectroscopy is a signal detection method on a black background, small PbI2 traces can be detected, when other methods currently used at room temperature fail. Our study highlights the extremely high stability of the single crystals compared to the thin layers and defects and grain boundaries are thought to play an important role in the degradation mechanism. View Full-Text
Keywords: CH3NH3PbI3; hybrid perovskite; solar cells; optoelectronics; degradation; photoluminescence CH3NH3PbI3; hybrid perovskite; solar cells; optoelectronics; degradation; photoluminescence
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Jemli, K.; Diab, H.; Lédée, F.; Trippé-Allard, G.; Garrot, D.; Geffroy, B.; Lauret, J.-S.; Audebert, P.; Deleporte, E. Using Low Temperature Photoluminescence Spectroscopy to Investigate CH3NH3PbI3 Hybrid Perovskite Degradation. Molecules 2016, 21, 885.

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