Phenolic Profiles and Antioxidant Activity of Lotus Root Varieties
AbstractLotus root attracts increasing attention mainly because of its phenolic compounds known as natural antioxidants. Its thirteen varieties were systematically analyzed on the content, distribution, composition and antioxidant activity of phenolic compounds for a better understanding of this aquatic vegetable. The respective mean contents of total phenolics in their flesh, peel and nodes were 1.81, 4.30 and 7.35 mg gallic acid equivalents (GAE)/g fresh weight (FW), and those of total flavonoids were 3.35, 7.69 and 15.58 mg rutin equivalents/g FW. The phenolic composition determined by a high-performance liquid chromatography method varied significantly among varieties and parts. The phenolics of flesh were mainly composed of gallocatechin and catechin; those of peel and node were mainly composed of gallocatechin, gallic acid, catechin and epicatechin. The antioxidant activities of phenolic extracts in increasing order were flesh, peel and node; their mean concentrations for 50% inhibition of 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical were 46.00, 26.43 and 21.72 µg GAE/mL, and their mean values representing ferric reducing antioxidant power were 75.91, 87.66 and 100.43 µg Trolox equivalents/100 µg GAE, respectively. “Zoumayang”, “Baheou”, “No. 5 elian” and “Guixi Fuou” were the hierarchically clustered varieties with relatively higher phenolic content and stronger antioxidant activity as compared with the others. Especially, their nodes and peels are promising sources of antioxidants for human nutrition. View Full-Text
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Yi, Y.; Sun, J.; Xie, J.; Min, T.; Wang, L.-M.; Wang, H.-X. Phenolic Profiles and Antioxidant Activity of Lotus Root Varieties. Molecules 2016, 21, 863.
Yi Y, Sun J, Xie J, Min T, Wang L-M, Wang H-X. Phenolic Profiles and Antioxidant Activity of Lotus Root Varieties. Molecules. 2016; 21(7):863.Chicago/Turabian Style
Yi, Yang; Sun, Jie; Xie, Jun; Min, Ting; Wang, Li-Mei; Wang, Hong-Xun. 2016. "Phenolic Profiles and Antioxidant Activity of Lotus Root Varieties." Molecules 21, no. 7: 863.
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