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Molecules 2016, 21(5), 644; doi:10.3390/molecules21050644

Ethyl Acetate Abatement on Copper Catalysts Supported on Ceria Doped with Rare Earth Oxides

1
Laboratório de Catálise e Materiais (LCM), Laboratório Associado LSRE-LCM, Faculdade de Engenharia, Universidade do Porto, 4200-465 Porto, Portugal
2
School of Production Engineering and Management, Technical University of Crete, 73100 Chania, Greece
3
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Western Macedonia, GR-50100 Kozani, Greece
4
Chemical Process & Energy Resources Institute, Centre for Research & Technology Hellas, GR-57001 Thessaloniki, Greece
5
CQVR—Centro de Química–Vila Real, Departamento de Química, Universidade de Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro, 5001-911 Vila Real, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Derek J. McPhee
Received: 12 February 2016 / Revised: 9 May 2016 / Accepted: 10 May 2016 / Published: 17 May 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Coinage Metal (Copper, Silver, and Gold) Catalysis)
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Abstract

Different lanthanide (Ln)-doped cerium oxides (Ce0.5Ln0.5O1.75, where Ln: Gd, La, Pr, Nd, Sm) were loaded with Cu (20 wt. %) and used as catalysts for the oxidation of ethyl acetate (EtOAc), a common volatile organic compound (VOC). For comparison, both Cu-free (Ce-Ln) and supported Cu (Cu/Ce-Ln) samples were characterized by N2 adsorption at −196 °C, scanning/transmission electron microscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and temperature programmed reduction in H2. The following activity sequence, in terms of EtOAc conversion, was found for bare supports: CeO2 ≈ Ce0.5Pr0.5O1.75 > Ce0.5Sm0.5O1.75 > Ce0.5Gd0.5O1.75 > Ce0.5Nd0.5O1.75 > Ce0.5La0.5O1.75. Cu addition improved the catalytic performance, without affecting the activity order. The best catalytic performance was obtained for Cu/CeO2 and Cu/Ce0.5Pr0.5O1.75 samples, both achieving complete EtOAc conversion below ca. 290 °C. A strong correlation was revealed between the catalytic performance and the redox properties of the samples, in terms of reducibility and lattice oxygen availability. Νo particular correlation between the VOC oxidation performance and textural characteristics was found. The obtained results can be explained in terms of a Mars-van Krevelen type redox mechanism involving the participation of weakly bound (easily reduced) lattice oxygen and its consequent replenishment by gas phase oxygen. View Full-Text
Keywords: ethyl acetate oxidation; volatile organic compounds (VOCs); copper (Cu)-based catalysts; mixed oxides; rare earth oxides ethyl acetate oxidation; volatile organic compounds (VOCs); copper (Cu)-based catalysts; mixed oxides; rare earth oxides
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MDPI and ACS Style

Carabineiro, S.A.C.; Konsolakis, M.; Marnellos, G.E.-N.; Asad, M.F.; Soares, O.S.G.P.; Tavares, P.B.; Pereira, M.F.R.; Órfão, J.J.M.; Figueiredo, J.L. Ethyl Acetate Abatement on Copper Catalysts Supported on Ceria Doped with Rare Earth Oxides. Molecules 2016, 21, 644.

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