Effect of Different Pretreatment Methods on Birch Outer Bark: New Biorefinery Routes
AbstractA comparative study among different pretreatment methods used for the fractionation of the birch outer bark components, including steam explosion, hydrothermal and organosolv treatments based on the use of ethanol/water media, is reported. The residual solid fractions have been characterized by ATR-FTIR, 13C-solid-state NMR and morphological alterations after pretreatment were detected by scanning electron microscopy. The general chemical composition of the untreated and treated bark including determination of extractives, suberin, lignin and monosaccharides was also studied. Composition of the residual solid fraction and relative proportions of different components, as a function of the processing conditions, could be established. Organosolv treatment produces a suberin-rich solid fraction, while during hydrothermal and steam explosion treatment cleavage of polysaccharide bonds occurs. This work will provide a deeper fundamental knowledge of the bark chemical composition, thus increasing the utilization efficiency of birch outer bark and may create possibilities to up-scale the fractionation processes. View Full-Text
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Karnaouri, A.; Rova, U.; Christakopoulos, P. Effect of Different Pretreatment Methods on Birch Outer Bark: New Biorefinery Routes. Molecules 2016, 21, 427.
Karnaouri A, Rova U, Christakopoulos P. Effect of Different Pretreatment Methods on Birch Outer Bark: New Biorefinery Routes. Molecules. 2016; 21(4):427.Chicago/Turabian Style
Karnaouri, Anthi; Rova, Ulrika; Christakopoulos, Paul. 2016. "Effect of Different Pretreatment Methods on Birch Outer Bark: New Biorefinery Routes." Molecules 21, no. 4: 427.
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