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Molecules 2016, 21(3), 373; doi:10.3390/molecules21030373

Coenzyme Q and Its Role in the Dietary Therapy against Aging

1
Department of Physiology, Institute of Nutrition and Food Technology “José Mataix”, Biomedical Research Center (CIBM), University of Granada, Avda. del Conocimiento s.n., Armilla, Granada 18100, Spain
2
Dipartimento di Scienze Cliniche Specialistiche ed Odontostomatologiche (DISCO), Facoltà di Medicina, Università Politecnica delle Marche, Ancona 60131, Italy
3
Centre for Nutrition & Health, Universidad Europea del Atlantico (UEA), Santander 39011, Spain
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Derek J. McPhee
Received: 9 February 2016 / Revised: 10 March 2016 / Accepted: 11 March 2016 / Published: 18 March 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue 20th Anniversary of Molecules—Recent Advances in Natural Products)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2365 KB, uploaded 18 March 2016]   |  

Abstract

Coenzyme Q (CoQ) is a naturally occurring molecule located in the hydrophobic domain of the phospholipid bilayer of all biological membranes. Shortly after being discovered, it was recognized as an essential electron transport chain component in mitochondria where it is particularly abundant. Since then, more additional roles in cell physiology have been reported, including antioxidant, signaling, death prevention, and others. It is known that all cells are able to synthesize functionally sufficient amounts of CoQ under normal physiological conditions. However, CoQ is a molecule found in different dietary sources, which can be taken up and incorporated into biological membranes. It is known that mitochondria have a close relationship with the aging process. Additionally, delaying the aging process through diet has aroused the interest of scientists for many years. These observations have stimulated investigation of the anti-aging potential of CoQ and its possible use in dietary therapies to alleviate the effects of aging. In this context, the present review focus on the current knowledge and evidence the roles of CoQ cells, its relationship with aging, and possible implications of dietary CoQ in relation to aging, lifespan or age-related diseases. View Full-Text
Keywords: aging; antioxidants; diet; mitochondria; nutrition; oxidative stress; ubiquinone aging; antioxidants; diet; mitochondria; nutrition; oxidative stress; ubiquinone
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Varela-López, A.; Giampieri, F.; Battino, M.; Quiles, J.L. Coenzyme Q and Its Role in the Dietary Therapy against Aging. Molecules 2016, 21, 373.

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