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Molecules 2016, 21(3), 360; doi:10.3390/molecules21030360

Flavonoids, Antioxidant Potential, and Acetylcholinesterase Inhibition Activity of the Extracts from the Gametophyte and Archegoniophore of Marchantia polymorpha L.

1
Insititute of Applied Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang 110016, China
2
University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, 19A Yuquan Road, Beijing 100049, China
3
College of Life and Environmental Sciences, Shanghai Normal University, Shanghai 200234, China
4
College of Life and Environmental Sciences, Hangzhou Normal University, Hangzhou 310036, China
5
Shanghai Key Laboratory of Plant Functional Genomics and Resources, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai Chenshan Botanical Garden, Shanghai 200234, China
6
State Key Laboratory of Quality Research in Chinese Medicine, Institute of Chinese Medical Sciences, University of Macau, Taipa, Macau
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Derek J. McPhee
Received: 19 February 2016 / Revised: 3 March 2016 / Accepted: 10 March 2016 / Published: 17 March 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Natural Products)
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Abstract

Marchantia polymorpha L. is a representative bryophyte used as a traditional Chinese medicinal herb for scald and pneumonia. The phytochemicals in M. polymorpha L. are terpenoids and flavonoids, among which especially the flavonoids show significant human health benefits. Many researches on the gametophyte of M. polymorpha L. have been reported. However, as the reproductive organ of M. polymorpha L., the bioactivity and flavonoids profile of the archegoniophore have not been reported, so in this work the flavonoid profiles, antioxidant and acetylcholinesterase inhibition activities of the extracts from the archegoniophore and gametophyte of M. polymorpha L. were compared by radical scavenging assay methods (DPPH, ABTS, O2−), reducing power assay, acetylcholinesterase inhibition assay and LC-MS analysis. The results showed that the total flavonoids content in the archegoniophore was about 10-time higher than that of the gametophyte. Differences between the archegoniophore and gametophyte of M. polymorpha L. were observed by LC-MS analysis. The archegoniophore extracts showed stronger bio-activities than those of the gametophyte. The archegoniophore extract showed a significant acetylcholinesterase inhibition, while the gametophyte extract hardly inhibited it. View Full-Text
Keywords: Marchantia polymorpha L.; flavonoids; antioxidant potential; archegoniophore; gametophyte; acetylcholinesterase inhibition Marchantia polymorpha L.; flavonoids; antioxidant potential; archegoniophore; gametophyte; acetylcholinesterase inhibition
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Wang, X.; Cao, J.; Wu, Y.; Wang, Q.; Xiao, J. Flavonoids, Antioxidant Potential, and Acetylcholinesterase Inhibition Activity of the Extracts from the Gametophyte and Archegoniophore of Marchantia polymorpha L.. Molecules 2016, 21, 360.

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