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Molecules 2016, 21(2), 203; doi:10.3390/molecules21020203

Biochemical Characteristics of Three Laccase Isoforms from the Basidiomycete Pleurotus nebrodensis

1
State Key Laboratory for Agrobiotechnology and Department of Microbiology, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China
2
Institute of Biotechnology and Germplasmic Resource, Yunnan Academy of Agricultural Science, Kunming 650223, China
3
College of Food Science and Technology, Nanjing Agricultural University, Weigang, Nanjing 210095, China
4
School of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, New Territories, Hong Kong, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 December 2015 / Accepted: 3 February 2016 / Published: 6 February 2016
(This article belongs to the Collection Bioactive Compounds)
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Abstract

The characterization of three laccase isoforms from Pleurotus nebrodensis is described. Isoenzymes Lac1, Lac2 and Lac3 were purified to homogeneity using ion exchange chromatography on DEAE-cellulose, CM-cellulose and Q-Sepharose and a gel filtration step on Superdex 75. The molecular weights of the purified laccases were estimated to be 68, 64 and 51 kDa, respectively. The isoenzymes demonstrated the same optimum pH at 3.0 but slightly different temperature optima: 50–60 °C for Lac1 and Lac3 and 60 °C for Lac2. Lac2 was always more stable than the other two isoforms and exposure to 50 °C for 120 min caused 30% loss in activity. Lac2 was relatively less stable than the other two isoforms when exposed to the pH range of 3.0–8.0 for 24 h, but inactivation only occurred initially, with around 70% residual activity being maintained during the whole process. Oxidative ability towards aromatic compounds varied substantially among the isoforms and each of them displayed preference toward some substrates. Kinetic constants (Km, Kcat) were determined by using a 2,2′-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) diammonium salt (ABTS) assay, with Lac3 showing the best affinity and Lac2 displaying the highest catalytic efficiency. Amino acid sequences from peptides derived from digestion of isoenzymes showed great consistency with laccases in the databases. View Full-Text
Keywords: laccase isoenzymes; enzyme characterization; biochemical properties comparison; Pleurotus nebrodensis laccase isoenzymes; enzyme characterization; biochemical properties comparison; Pleurotus nebrodensis
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Yuan, X.; Tian, G.; Zhao, Y.; Zhao, L.; Wang, H.; Ng, T.B. Biochemical Characteristics of Three Laccase Isoforms from the Basidiomycete Pleurotus nebrodensis. Molecules 2016, 21, 203.

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