The Chemistry and Pharmacology of Citrus Limonoids
AbstractCitrus limonoids (CLs) are a group of highly oxygenated terpenoid secondary metabolites found mostly in the seeds, fruits and peel tissues of citrus fruits such as lemons, limes, oranges, pumellos, grapefruits, bergamots, and mandarins. Represented by limonin, the aglycones and glycosides of CLs have shown to display numerous pharmacological activities including anticancer, antimicrobial, antioxidant, antidiabetic and insecticidal among others. In this review, the chemistry and pharmacology of CLs are systematically scrutinised through the use of medicinal chemistry tools and structure-activity relationship approach. Synthetic derivatives and other structurally-related limonoids from other sources are include in the analysis. With the focus on literature in the past decade, the chemical classification of CLs, their physico-chemical properties as drugs, their biosynthesis and enzymatic modifications, possible ways of enhancing their biological activities through structural modifications, their ligand efficiency metrics and systematic graphical radar plot analysis to assess their developability as drugs are among those discussed in detail. View Full-Text
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Gualdani, R.; Cavalluzzi, M.M.; Lentini, G.; Habtemariam, S. The Chemistry and Pharmacology of Citrus Limonoids. Molecules 2016, 21, 1530.
Gualdani R, Cavalluzzi MM, Lentini G, Habtemariam S. The Chemistry and Pharmacology of Citrus Limonoids. Molecules. 2016; 21(11):1530.Chicago/Turabian Style
Gualdani, Roberta; Cavalluzzi, Maria M.; Lentini, Giovanni; Habtemariam, Solomon. 2016. "The Chemistry and Pharmacology of Citrus Limonoids." Molecules 21, no. 11: 1530.
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