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Molecules 2015, 20(9), 17339-17361; doi:10.3390/molecules200917339

Biological and Nutritional Properties of Palm Oil and Palmitic Acid: Effects on Health

1
Dipartimento di Scienze Motorie e del Benessere, Università di Napoli "Parthenope", via Medina 40, Napoli 80133, Italy
2
CEINGE Biotecnologie Avanzate s.c.a r.l., via G. Salvatore 486, Napoli 80145, Italy
3
Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Ambientali Biologiche Farmaceutiche, Seconda Università degli Studi di Napoli, via G. Vivaldi 42, Caserta 81100, Italy
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Maurizio Battino
Received: 31 July 2015 / Revised: 2 September 2015 / Accepted: 9 September 2015 / Published: 18 September 2015
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Abstract

A growing body of evidence highlights the close association between nutrition and human health. Fat is an essential macronutrient, and vegetable oils, such as palm oil, are widely used in the food industry and highly represented in the human diet. Palmitic acid, a saturated fatty acid, is the principal constituent of refined palm oil. In the last few decades, controversial studies have reported potential unhealthy effects of palm oil due to the high palmitic acid content. In this review we provide a concise and comprehensive update on the functional role of palm oil and palmitic acid in the development of obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular diseases and cancer. The atherogenic potential of palmitic acid and its stereospecific position in triacylglycerols are also discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: palm oil; palmitic acid; obesity; T2DM; cardiovascular diseases; cancer; SFA; TAG; PUFA; MUFA palm oil; palmitic acid; obesity; T2DM; cardiovascular diseases; cancer; SFA; TAG; PUFA; MUFA
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Mancini, A.; Imperlini, E.; Nigro, E.; Montagnese, C.; Daniele, A.; Orrù, S.; Buono, P. Biological and Nutritional Properties of Palm Oil and Palmitic Acid: Effects on Health. Molecules 2015, 20, 17339-17361.

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