Autodisplay of Human Hyaluronidase Hyal-1 on Escherichia coli and Identification of Plant-Derived Enzyme Inhibitors
AbstractHyaluronan (HA) is the main component of the extracellular matrix (ECM). Depending on its chain size, it is generally accepted to exert diverse effects. High molecular weight HA is anti-angiogenic, immunosuppressive and anti-inflammatory, while lower fragments are angiogenic and inflammatory. Human hyaluronidase Hyal-1 (Hyal-1) is one of the main enzymes in the metabolism of HA. This makes Hyal-1 an interesting target. Not only for functional and mechanistic studies, but also for drug development. In this work, Hyal-1 was expressed on the surface of E. coli, by applying Autodisplay, to overcome formation of inactive “inclusion bodies”. With the cells displaying Hyal-1 an activity assay was performed using “stains-all” dye. Subsequently, the inhibitory effects of four saponins and 14 plant extracts on the activity of surface displayed Hyal-1 were evaluated. The determined IC50 values were 177 µM for glycyrrhizic acid, 108 µM for gypsophila saponin 2, 371 µM for SA1657 and 296 µM for SA1641. Malvae sylvestris flos, Equiseti herba and Ononidis radix extracts showed IC50 values between 1.4 and 1.7 mg/mL. In summary, Autodisplay enabled the expression of functional human target protein Hyal-1 in E. coli and facilitated an accelerated testing of potential inhibitors. View Full-Text
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Orlando, Z.; Lengers, I.; Melzig, M.F.; Buschauer, A.; Hensel, A.; Jose, J. Autodisplay of Human Hyaluronidase Hyal-1 on Escherichia coli and Identification of Plant-Derived Enzyme Inhibitors. Molecules 2015, 20, 15449-15468.
Orlando Z, Lengers I, Melzig MF, Buschauer A, Hensel A, Jose J. Autodisplay of Human Hyaluronidase Hyal-1 on Escherichia coli and Identification of Plant-Derived Enzyme Inhibitors. Molecules. 2015; 20(9):15449-15468.Chicago/Turabian Style
Orlando, Zoya; Lengers, Isabelle; Melzig, Matthias F.; Buschauer, Armin; Hensel, Andreas; Jose, Joachim. 2015. "Autodisplay of Human Hyaluronidase Hyal-1 on Escherichia coli and Identification of Plant-Derived Enzyme Inhibitors." Molecules 20, no. 9: 15449-15468.