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Molecules 2015, 20(9), 15469-15487; doi:10.3390/molecules200915469

Probing Water and CO2 Interactions at the Surface of Collapsed Titania Nanotubes Using IR Spectroscopy

1
Department of Chemistry, Institute for Catalysis in Energy Processes, Northwestern University , Evanston, IL 60208, USA
2
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Institute for Catalysis in Energy Processes, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208, USA
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Pierre Pichat
Received: 24 April 2015 / Revised: 12 August 2015 / Accepted: 12 August 2015 / Published: 26 August 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Photocatalysis)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2812 KB, uploaded 26 August 2015]   |  

Abstract

Collapsed titania nanotubes (cTiNT) were synthesized by the calcination of titania nanotubes (TiNT) at 650 °C, which leads to a collapse of their tubular morphology, a substantial reduction in surface area, and a partial transformation of anatase to the rutile phase. There are no significant changes in the position of the XPS responses for Ti and O on oxidation or reduction of the cTiNTs, but the responses are more symmetric than those observed for TiNTs, indicating fewer surface defects and no change in the oxidation state of titanium on oxidative and/or reductive pretreatment. The interaction of H2O and CO2 with the cTiNT surface was studied. The region corresponding to OH stretching absorptions extends below 3000 cm−1, and thus is broader than is typically observed for absorptions of the OH stretches of water. The exchange of protons for deuterons on exposure to D2O leads to a depletion of this extended absorption and the appearance of new absorptions, which are compatible with deuterium exchange. We discuss the source of this extended low frequency OH stretching region and conclude that it is likely due to the hydrogen-bonded OH stretches. Interaction of the reduced cTiNTs with CO2 leads to a similar but smaller set of adsorbed carbonates and bicarbonates as reported for reduced TiNTs before collapse. Implications of these observations and the presence of proton sources leading to hydrogen bonding are discussed relative to potential chemical and photochemical activity of the TiNTs. These results point to the critical influence of defect structure on CO2 photoconversion. View Full-Text
Keywords: collapsed titania nanotubes; FTIR; CO2 adsorption; defect sites; OH stretches collapsed titania nanotubes; FTIR; CO2 adsorption; defect sites; OH stretches
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Bhattacharyya, K.; Wu, W.; Weitz, E.; Vijayan, B.K.; Gray, K.A. Probing Water and CO2 Interactions at the Surface of Collapsed Titania Nanotubes Using IR Spectroscopy. Molecules 2015, 20, 15469-15487.

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