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Molecules 2015, 20(7), 13031-13040; doi:10.3390/molecules200713031

Bioaccumulation of Trace Metals in Mussel (Mytilus galloprovincialis) from Mali Ston Bay during DSP Toxicity Episodes

1
Laboratory of Plankton and Shellfish Toxicity, Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries, Šetalište I. Meštrovića 63, P.O. Box 500, 21000 Split, Croatia
2
Faculty of Sciences, University of Split, Teslina 12, 21000 Split, Croatia
3
Laboratory of Chemical Oceanography and Sedimentology of the Sea, Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries, Šetalište I. Meštrovića 63, P.O. Box 500, 21000 Split, Croatia
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Derek J. McPhee
Received: 19 May 2015 / Revised: 13 July 2015 / Accepted: 13 July 2015 / Published: 17 July 2015
(This article belongs to the Section Natural Products)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2064 KB, uploaded 17 July 2015]   |  

Abstract

The Croatian National Monitoring Program revealed the presence of Diarrhetic Shellfish Poisoning (DSP) toxicity in Mediterranean blue mussel (Mytilus galloprovincialis) from breeding farms in southern Adriatic Sea through January to June 2011. The mouse bioassay tests (MBA; at the time the official method for DSP toxins) were accompanied by atypical symptomatology in the animals and this caused doubts about the assay results. Consequently, in parallel studies reported here, the concentration of Cd, Cr, Cu, Ni, Pb and Zn in soft tissue of DSP positive and negative mussels samples was determined. Cd, Cr, Zn and Ni show higher values in approximately 75% of the DSP positive samples, whereas for Pb and Cr the values were 26% and 34%, respectively. This trend was unchanged during the whole observation period. View Full-Text
Keywords: trace metals; shellfish toxicity; bioaccumulation; mussel, DSP; diarrhetic shellfish poisoning trace metals; shellfish toxicity; bioaccumulation; mussel, DSP; diarrhetic shellfish poisoning
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Ujević, I.; Vuletić, N.; Lušić, J.; Nazlić, N.; Kušpilić, G. Bioaccumulation of Trace Metals in Mussel (Mytilus galloprovincialis) from Mali Ston Bay during DSP Toxicity Episodes. Molecules 2015, 20, 13031-13040.

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