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Molecules 2015, 20(6), 11432-11458; doi:10.3390/molecules200611432

Characterization of Volatile Compounds of Eleven Achillea Species from Turkey and Biological Activities of Essential Oil and Methanol Extract of A. hamzaoglui Arabacı & Budak

1
Department of Pharmaceutical Botany, Faculty of Pharmacy, Hacettepe University, Ankara 06100, Turkey
2
Department of Biology, Faculty of Education, Hacettepe University, Ankara 06800, Turkey
3
Department of Preventive Oncology, Cancer Institute, Hacettepe University, Ankara 06100, Turkey
4
Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Anadolu University, Eskisehir 26470, Turkey
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Luca Forti
Received: 9 April 2015 / Revised: 10 June 2015 / Accepted: 17 June 2015 / Published: 22 June 2015
(This article belongs to the Collection Recent Advances in Flavors and Fragrances)
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Abstract

According to distribution of genus Achillea, two main centers of diversity occur in S.E. Europe and S.W. Asia. Diversified essential oil compositions from Balkan Peninsula have been numerously reported. However, report on essential oils of Achillea species growing in Turkey, which is one of the main centers of diversity, is very limited. This paper represents the chemical compositions of the essential oils obtained by hydrodistillation from the aerial parts of eleven Achillea species, identified simultaneously by gas chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. The main components were found to be 1,8-cineole, p-cymene, viridiflorol, nonacosane, α-bisabolol, caryophyllene oxide, α-bisabolon oxide A, β-eudesmol, 15-hexadecanolide and camphor. The chemical principal component analysis based on thirty compounds identified three species groups and a subgroup, where each group constituted a chemotype. This is the first report on the chemical composition of A. hamzaoglui essential oil; as well as the antioxidant and antimicrobial evaluation of its essential oil and methanolic extract. View Full-Text
Keywords: Achillea; Achillea hamzaoglui; Asteraceae; essential oil; antioxidant; antimicrobial; GC-MS; principal components analysis (PCA); hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA) Achillea; Achillea hamzaoglui; Asteraceae; essential oil; antioxidant; antimicrobial; GC-MS; principal components analysis (PCA); hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA)
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Turkmenoglu, F.P.; Agar, O.T.; Akaydin, G.; Hayran, M.; Demirci, B. Characterization of Volatile Compounds of Eleven Achillea Species from Turkey and Biological Activities of Essential Oil and Methanol Extract of A. hamzaoglui Arabacı & Budak. Molecules 2015, 20, 11432-11458.

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