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Molecules 2015, 20(4), 6856-6865; doi:10.3390/molecules20046856

Efficient Synthesis of Readily Water-Soluble Sulfonic Acid Carbamates

Department Applied Geology, Geoscience Centre of the University of Göttingen, Goldschmidtstrasse 3, 37077 Göttingen, Germany
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Derek J. McPhee
Received: 10 March 2015 / Revised: 5 April 2015 / Accepted: 8 April 2015 / Published: 16 April 2015
(This article belongs to the Section Organic Synthesis)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [677 KB, uploaded 16 April 2015]   |  


A series of various readily water-soluble carbamates were synthesized with good yields. These compounds are useful chemical tracers for assessing the cooling progress in a georeservoir during geothermal power plant operation. Acylation of primary amines was carried out as well as using a solution of sodium bicarbonate and without the presence of salt. Products were characterized by 1H-NMR and 13C-NMR. Purity was confirmed through elemental analysis. View Full-Text
Keywords: chloroformates; primary amines; carbamates; thermo-sensitive tracers; urethanes chloroformates; primary amines; carbamates; thermo-sensitive tracers; urethanes

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Idzik, K.R.; Nödler, K.; Licha, T. Efficient Synthesis of Readily Water-Soluble Sulfonic Acid Carbamates. Molecules 2015, 20, 6856-6865.

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