In Vitro and in Vivo Evaluation of Novel Cross-Linked Saccharide Based Polymers as Bile Acid Sequestrants
AbstractBile acid sequestrants (BAS) represent a therapeutic approach for the management of hypercholesterolemia that relies on the cationic polymeric nature of BAS to selectively bind negatively charged bile acids. We hypothesized that the cross-linking of β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) and saccharides such as starch or dextrin with divinyl sulfone (DVS) yields homo- and hetero-polymeric materials with the ability to trap sterols. Our hypothesis was put to test by synthesizing a library of 22 polymers that were screened to evaluate their capability to sequester both cholesterol (CHOL) and cholic and deoxycholic acids (CA and DCA). Three polymers synthesized in high yield were identified as promising. Two were neutral hetero-polymers of β-CD and starch or dextrin and the third was a weakly cationic homo-polymer of starch, highlighting the importance of the cavity effect. They were tested in hypercholesterolemic male Wistar rats and their ability to regulate hypercholesterolemia was similar to that for the reference BAS cholestyramine, but with two additional advantages: (i) they normalized the TG level and (ii) they did not increase the creatinine level. Neither hepatotoxicity nor kidney injury was detected, further supporting them as therapeutical candidates to manage hypercholesterolemia. View Full-Text
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Lopez-Jaramillo, F.J.; Giron-Gonzalez, M.D.; Salto-Gonzalez, R.; Hernandez-Mateo, F.; Santoyo-Gonzalez, F. In Vitro and in Vivo Evaluation of Novel Cross-Linked Saccharide Based Polymers as Bile Acid Sequestrants. Molecules 2015, 20, 3716-3729.
Lopez-Jaramillo FJ, Giron-Gonzalez MD, Salto-Gonzalez R, Hernandez-Mateo F, Santoyo-Gonzalez F. In Vitro and in Vivo Evaluation of Novel Cross-Linked Saccharide Based Polymers as Bile Acid Sequestrants. Molecules. 2015; 20(3):3716-3729.Chicago/Turabian Style
Lopez-Jaramillo, Francisco J.; Giron-Gonzalez, Maria D.; Salto-Gonzalez, Rafael; Hernandez-Mateo, Fernando; Santoyo-Gonzalez, Francisco. 2015. "In Vitro and in Vivo Evaluation of Novel Cross-Linked Saccharide Based Polymers as Bile Acid Sequestrants." Molecules 20, no. 3: 3716-3729.