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Molecules 2015, 20(2), 2770-2774; doi:10.3390/molecules20022770

Phytoalexins: Current Progress and Future Prospects

Laboratory of Stress, Defenses and Plant Reproduction, Research Unit "Vines and Wines of Champagne", UPRES EA 4707, Department of Biology and Biochemistry, Faculty of Sciences, University of Reims, P.O. Box 1039, 51687 Reims cedex 02, France
Academic Editor: Derek McPhee
Received: 2 February 2015 / Accepted: 4 February 2015 / Published: 5 February 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Phytoalexins: Current Progress and Future Prospects)
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Phytoalexins are low molecular weight antimicrobial compounds that are produced by plants as a response to biotic and abiotic stresses. As such they take part in an intricate defense system which enables plants to control invading microorganisms. In the 1950s, research on phytoalexins started with progress in their biochemistry and bio-organic chemistry, resulting in the determination of their structure, their biological activity, as well as mechanisms of their synthesis and catabolism by microorganisms. Elucidation of the biosynthesis of numerous phytoalexins also permitted the use of molecular biology tools for the exploration of the genes encoding enzymes of their synthesis pathways and their regulators. This has led to potential applications for increasing plant resistance to diseases. Phytoalexins display an enormous diversity belonging to various chemical families such as for instance, phenolics, terpenoids, furanoacetylenes, steroid glycoalkaloids, sulfur-containing compounds and indoles.[...] View Full-Text
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Jeandet, P. Phytoalexins: Current Progress and Future Prospects. Molecules 2015, 20, 2770-2774.

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