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Molecules 2015, 20(1), 754-779; doi:10.3390/molecules20010754

Pharmacological Profile of Xanthohumol, a Prenylated Flavonoid from Hops (Humulus lupulus)

1
Key Laboratory of Marine Drugs, Ministry of Education, School of Medicine and Pharmacy, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266003, China
2
Department of Science, Systems and Models, Roskilde University, P.O. Box 260, DK-4000 Roskilde, Denmark
3
Institute for Nutritional Sciences, Shanghai Institute for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200031, China
4
State Key Laboratory of Biological Fermentation Engineering of Beer, Qingdao 266061, China
5
Key Laboratory of Marine Bioactive Substance, The First Institute of Oceanography, State Oceanic Administration, Qingdao 266061, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Derek J. McPhee
Received: 5 December 2014 / Accepted: 30 December 2014 / Published: 7 January 2015
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [888 KB, uploaded 7 January 2015]   |  

Abstract

The female inflorescences of hops (Humulus lupulus L.), a well-known bittering agent used in the brewing industry, have long been used in traditional medicines. Xanthohumol (XN) is one of the bioactive substances contributing to its medical applications. Among foodstuffs XN is found primarily in beer and its natural occurrence is surveyed. In recent years, XN has received much attention for its biological effects. The present review describes the pharmacological aspects of XN and summarizes the most interesting findings obtained in the preclinical research related to this compound, including the pharmacological activity, the pharmacokinetics, and the safety of XN. Furthermore, the potential use of XN as a food additive considering its many positive biological effects is discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: biological effects; pharmacokinetics; food additives; beer; metabolites biological effects; pharmacokinetics; food additives; beer; metabolites
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Liu, M.; Hansen, P.E.; Wang, G.; Qiu, L.; Dong, J.; Yin, H.; Qian, Z.; Yang, M.; Miao, J. Pharmacological Profile of Xanthohumol, a Prenylated Flavonoid from Hops (Humulus lupulus). Molecules 2015, 20, 754-779.

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