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Molecules 2014, 19(9), 14582-14614; doi:10.3390/molecules190914582

Graphene-Based Nanomaterials as Heterogeneous Acid Catalysts: A Comprehensive Perspective

1
Department of Chemistry, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan
2
Department of Chemistry, Government Degree College, Champawat 262523, Uttarakhand, India
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 May 2014 / Revised: 14 August 2014 / Accepted: 6 September 2014 / Published: 15 September 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Heterogeneous Acid Catalysts)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1944 KB, uploaded 15 September 2014]   |  

Abstract

Acid catalysis is quite prevalent and probably one of the most routine operations in both industrial processes and research laboratories worldwide. Recently, “graphene”, a two dimensional single-layer carbon sheet with hexagonal packed lattice structure, imitative of nanomaterials, has shown great potential as alternative and eco-friendly solid carbocatalyst for a variety of acid-catalyzed reactions. Owing to their exceptional physical, chemical, and mechanical properties, graphene-based nanomaterials (G-NMs) offer highly stable Brønsted acidic sites, high mass transfer, relatively large surface areas, water tolerant character, and convenient recoverability as well as recyclability, whilst retaining high activity in acid-catalyzed chemical reactions. This comprehensive review focuses on the chemistry of G-NMs, including their synthesis, characterization, properties, functionalization, and up-to-date applications in heterogeneous acid catalysis. In line with this, in certain instances readers may find herein some criticisms that should be taken as constructive and would be of value in understanding the scope and limitations of current approaches utilizing graphene and its derivatives for the same. View Full-Text
Keywords: heterogeneous acid catalysis; nanomaterials; graphene; graphene oxide; sulfonation; sulfation; green chemistry heterogeneous acid catalysis; nanomaterials; graphene; graphene oxide; sulfonation; sulfation; green chemistry
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Garg, B.; Bisht, T.; Ling, Y.-C. Graphene-Based Nanomaterials as Heterogeneous Acid Catalysts: A Comprehensive Perspective. Molecules 2014, 19, 14582-14614.

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