Molecular Characterization of Carotenoid Biosynthetic Genes and Carotenoid Accumulation in Lycium chinense
AbstractLycium chinense is a shrub that has health benefits and is used as a source of medicines in Asia. In this study, a full-length cDNA clone encoding β-ring carotene hydroxylase (LcCHXB) and partial-length cDNA clones encoding phytoene synthase (LcPSY), phytoene desaturase (LcPDS), ξ-carotene desaturase (LcZDS), lycopene β-cyclase (LcLCYB), lycopene ε-cyclase (LcLCYE), ε-ring carotene hydroxylase (LcCHXE), zeaxanthin epoxidase (LcZEP), carotenoid cleavage dioxygenase (LcCCD1), and 9-cis epoxycarotenoid dioxygenase (LcNCED) were identified in L. chinense. The transcripts were constitutively expressed at high levels in leaves, flowers and red fruits, where the carotenoids are mostly distributed. In contrast, most of the carotenoid biosynthetic genes were weakly expressed in the roots and stems, which contained only small amounts of carotenoids. The level of LcLCYE transcripts was very high in leaves and correlated with the abundance of lutein in this plant tissue. During maturation, the levels of lutein and zeaxanthin in L. chinense fruits dramatically increased, concomitant with a rise in the level of β-cryptoxanthin. LcPSY, LcPDS, LcZDS, LcLCYB, and LcCHXE were highly expressed in red fruits, leading to their substantially higher total carotenoid content compared to that in green fruits. Total carotenoid content was high in both the leaves and red fruits of L. chinense. Our findings on the biosynthesis of carotenoids in L. chinense provide insights into the molecular mechanisms involved in carotenoid biosynthesis and may facilitate the optimization of carotenoid production in L. chinense. View Full-Text
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Zhao, S.; Tuan, P.A.; Kim, J.K.; Park, W.T.; Kim, Y.B.; Arasu, M.V.; Al-Dhabi, N.A.; Yang, J.; Li, C.H.; Park, S.U. Molecular Characterization of Carotenoid Biosynthetic Genes and Carotenoid Accumulation in Lycium chinense. Molecules 2014, 19, 11250-11262.
Zhao S, Tuan PA, Kim JK, Park WT, Kim YB, Arasu MV, Al-Dhabi NA, Yang J, Li CH, Park SU. Molecular Characterization of Carotenoid Biosynthetic Genes and Carotenoid Accumulation in Lycium chinense. Molecules. 2014; 19(8):11250-11262.Chicago/Turabian Style
Zhao, Shicheng; Tuan, Pham A.; Kim, Jae K.; Park, Woo T.; Kim, Yeon B.; Arasu, Mariadhas V.; Al-Dhabi, Naif A.; Yang, Jingli; Li, Cheng H.; Park, Sang U. 2014. "Molecular Characterization of Carotenoid Biosynthetic Genes and Carotenoid Accumulation in Lycium chinense." Molecules 19, no. 8: 11250-11262.