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Molecules 2014, 19(7), 9160-9172; doi:10.3390/molecules19079160

Adsorption Characteristics of Sol Gel-Derived Zirconia for Cesium Ions from Aqueous Solutions

1
Biochemistry Department, College of Science, King Saud University, PO Box, 2455, Riyadh 11451, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
2
Hot Laboratories Center, Atomic Energy Authority, P. Box 13759, Cairo, Egypt
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 19 April 2014 / Revised: 1 June 2014 / Accepted: 9 June 2014 / Published: 1 July 2014
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Abstract

Zirconia powder was synthesized via a sol gel method and placed in a batch reactor for cesium removal investigation. X-ray analysis and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy were utilized for the evaluation of the developed adsorbent. The adsorption process has been investigated as a function of pH, contact time and temperature. The adsorption is strongly dependent on the pH of the medium whereby the removal efficiency increases as the pH turns to the alkaline range. The process was initially very fast and the maximum adsorption was attained within 60 min of contact. A pseudo-second-order model and homogeneous particle diffusion model (HPDM) were found to be the best to correlate the diffusion of cesium into the zirconia particles. Furthermore, adsorption thermodynamic parameters, namely the standard enthalpy, entropy, and Gibbs free energy, were calculated. The results indicate that cesium adsorption by zirconia is an endothermic (ΔH > 0) process and good affinity of cesium ions towards the sorbent (ΔS > 0) was observed. View Full-Text
Keywords: cesium; zirconia; sol gel; kinetics; thermodynamics cesium; zirconia; sol gel; kinetics; thermodynamics
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Yakout, S.M.; Hassan, H.S. Adsorption Characteristics of Sol Gel-Derived Zirconia for Cesium Ions from Aqueous Solutions. Molecules 2014, 19, 9160-9172.

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