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Molecules 2014, 19(5), 5650-5673; doi:10.3390/molecules19055650

Chemical Profile Analysis and Comparison of Two Versions of the Classic TCM Formula Danggui Buxue Tang by HPLC-DAD-ESI-IT-TOF-MSn

1
School of Chinese Medicine, Hong Kong Baptist University, 7 Baptist University Road, Kowloon, Hong Kong, China
2
Guizhou College of Technology, No.1 Caiguan Road, Guiyang 550003, China
3
State Key Laboratory of Natural and Biomimetic Drugs, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Peking University, 38 Xueyuan Road, Beijing 100191, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 March 2014 / Revised: 10 April 2014 / Accepted: 19 April 2014 / Published: 30 April 2014
(This article belongs to the Section Metabolites)
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Abstract

Danggui Buxue Tang (DBT) is a Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) formula primarily used to treat symptoms associated with menopause in women. Usually, DBT is composed of one portion of Radix Angelicae Sinensis (RAS) and five portions of Radix Astragali (RA). Clinically, Radix Hedysari (RH) is sometimes used by TCM physicians to replace RA in DBT. In order to verity whether the chemical constituents of the DBT1 (RA:RAS = 5:1, w/w) and DBT2 (RH:RAS = 5:1, w/w) share similarities the chemical profiles of the two DBTs crude extracts and urine samples were analyzed and compared with the aid of HPLC-DAD-ESI-IT-TOF-MSn, which determines the total ion chromatogram (TIC) and multi-stage mass spectra (MSn). Then, the DBT1 and DBT2 were identified and compared on the basis of the TIC and the MSn. In the first experiment (with crude extracts), 69 compounds (C1C69) were identified from the DBT1; 46 compounds (c1c46) were identified from the DBT2. In the second experiment(with urine samples), 44 compounds (M1M44) were identified from the urine samples of rats that had been administered DBT1, and 34 compounds (m1m34) were identified from the urine samples of rats that had been administered DBT2. Identification and comparison of the chemical compositions were carried out between the DBT1 and DBT2 of the crude extracts and urine samples respectively. Our results showed that the two crude extracts of the DBTs have quite different chemical profiles. The reasons for their differences were that the special astragalosides in DBT1 and the isoflavonoid glycosides formed the malonic acid esters undergo single esterification and acetyl esters undergo acetylation in DBT1. In contrast, the urine from DBT1-treated rats strongly resembled that of DBT2-treated rats. These metabolites originate mainly from formononetin, calycosin and their related glycosides, and they were formed mainly by the metabolic process of reduction, deglycosylation, demethylation, hydrogenation and sulfation. The HPLC-DAD-ESI-IT-TOF-MSn method was successfully applied for the rapid chemical profiles evaluation of two DBTs and their related urine samples.
Keywords: Radix Hedysari; Radix Astragali; Danggui Buxue Tang; HPLC-DAD-ESI-IT-TOF-MSn; isoflavonoid; astragaloside Radix Hedysari; Radix Astragali; Danggui Buxue Tang; HPLC-DAD-ESI-IT-TOF-MSn; isoflavonoid; astragaloside
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, Y.-Z.; Xu, F.; Yi, T.; Zhang, J.-Y.; Xu, J.; Tang, Y.-N.; He, X.-C.; Liu, J.; Chen, H.-B. Chemical Profile Analysis and Comparison of Two Versions of the Classic TCM Formula Danggui Buxue Tang by HPLC-DAD-ESI-IT-TOF-MSn. Molecules 2014, 19, 5650-5673.

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