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Effects of Piperine on the Intestinal Permeability and Pharmacokinetics of Linarin in Rats
AbstractAlthough linarin possesses diverse pharmacological activities, its poor oral bioavailability has been a concern for further development. The present study aimed to demonstrate the feasibility of improving the oral absorption of linarin in rats with a bioenhancer‒piperine. First, the intestinal permeability of linarin in the presence and absence of verapamil or piperine was investigated using an in situ single-pass rat intestinal perfusion method. A significant increase in the Peff when co-perfused with verapamil or piperine indicated that piperine effectively inhibited P-glycoprotein mediated efflux of linarin. Then, the pharmacokinetic profiles of linarin in rats after oral administration of linarin (50 mg/kg) alone and in combination with piperine (20 mg/kg) were determined using a validated LC–MS/MS method. The results showed that piperine increased the plasma exposure (AUC) of linarin by 381% along with an increase in the Cmax by 346% and the Tmax from 0.05 h to 0.2 h. The present study revealed that piperine significantly enhanced the oral absorption of linarin in rats by inhibiting P-glycoprotein mediated cellular efflux during the intestinal absorption and likely simultaneously by inhibiting the metabolism of linarin.
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Feng, X.; Liu, Y.; Wang, X.; Di, X. Effects of Piperine on the Intestinal Permeability and Pharmacokinetics of Linarin in Rats. Molecules 2014, 19, 5624-5633.View more citation formats
Feng X, Liu Y, Wang X, Di X. Effects of Piperine on the Intestinal Permeability and Pharmacokinetics of Linarin in Rats. Molecules. 2014; 19(5):5624-5633.Chicago/Turabian Style
Feng, Xinchi; Liu, Youping; Wang, Xin; Di, Xin. 2014. "Effects of Piperine on the Intestinal Permeability and Pharmacokinetics of Linarin in Rats." Molecules 19, no. 5: 5624-5633.