Abstract: Hindgut homogenates of the termite Reticulitermes santonensis were incubated with carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC), crystalline celluloses or xylan substrates. Hydrolysates were analyzed with matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization coupled to time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS). The method was first set up using acid hydrolysis analysis to characterize non-enzymatic profiles. Commercial enzymes of Trichoderma reesei or T. longibrachiatum were also tested to validate the enzymatic hydrolysis analysis. For CMC hydrolysis, data processing and visual display were optimized to obtain comprehensive profiles and allow rapid comparison and evaluation of enzymatic selectivity, according to the number of substituents of each hydrolysis product. Oligosaccharides with degrees of polymerization (DPs) ranging from three to 12 were measured from CMC and the enzymatic selectivity was demonstrated. Neutral and acidic xylo-oligosaccharides with DPs ranging from three to 11 were measured from xylan substrate. These results are of interest for lignocellulose biomass valorization and demonstrated the potential of termites and their symbiotic microbiota as a source of interesting enzymes for oligosaccharides production.
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Brasseur, C.; Bauwens, J.; Tarayre, C.; Mattéotti, C.; Thonart, P.; Destain, J.; Francis, F.; Haubruge, E.; Portetelle, D.; Vandenbol, M.; Focant, J.-F.; De Pauw, E. MALDI-TOF MS Analysis of Cellodextrins and Xylo-oligosaccharides Produced by Hindgut Homogenates of Reticulitermes santonensis. Molecules 2014, 19, 4578-4594.
Brasseur C, Bauwens J, Tarayre C, Mattéotti C, Thonart P, Destain J, Francis F, Haubruge E, Portetelle D, Vandenbol M, Focant J-F, De Pauw E. MALDI-TOF MS Analysis of Cellodextrins and Xylo-oligosaccharides Produced by Hindgut Homogenates of Reticulitermes santonensis. Molecules. 2014; 19(4):4578-4594.
Brasseur, Catherine; Bauwens, Julien; Tarayre, Cédric; Mattéotti, Christel; Thonart, Philippe; Destain, Jacqueline; Francis, Frédéric; Haubruge, Eric; Portetelle, Daniel; Vandenbol, Micheline; Focant, Jean-François; De Pauw, Edwin. 2014. "MALDI-TOF MS Analysis of Cellodextrins and Xylo-oligosaccharides Produced by Hindgut Homogenates of Reticulitermes santonensis." Molecules 19, no. 4: 4578-4594.