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Molecules 2014, 19(12), 19610-19632; doi:10.3390/molecules191219610

Recent Advances in the Chemical Composition of Propolis

1
College of Animal Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China
2
Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 October 2014 / Revised: 13 November 2014 / Accepted: 20 November 2014 / Published: 26 November 2014
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Abstract

Propolis is a honeybee product with broad clinical applications. Current literature describes that propolis is collected from plant resins. From a systematic database search, 241 compounds were identified in propolis for the first time between 2000 and 2012; and they belong to such diverse chemical classes as flavonoids, phenylpropanoids, terpenenes, stilbenes, lignans, coumarins, and their prenylated derivatives, showing a pattern consistent with around 300 previously reported compounds. The chemical characteristics of propolis are linked to the diversity of geographical location, plant sources and bee species. View Full-Text
Keywords: propolis; honeybee; flavonoids; phenypropanoids; terpenenes; plant origin propolis; honeybee; flavonoids; phenypropanoids; terpenenes; plant origin
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Huang, S.; Zhang, C.-P.; Wang, K.; Li, G.Q.; Hu, F.-L. Recent Advances in the Chemical Composition of Propolis. Molecules 2014, 19, 19610-19632.

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