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Molecules 2013, 18(9), 11614-11623; doi:10.3390/molecules180911614
Article

Combined Effects of Green Tea Extracts, Green Tea Polyphenols or Epigallocatechin Gallate with Acarbose on Inhibition against α-Amylase and α-Glucosidase in Vitro

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Received: 7 August 2013; in revised form: 13 September 2013 / Accepted: 16 September 2013 / Published: 18 September 2013
(This article belongs to the Section Metabolites)
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Abstract: Green tea, green tea polyphenols and epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) are confirmed to have beneficial effects in the treatment of diabetes mellitus, and a possible mechanism can be ascribed to their inhibitory effect against α-amylase and α-glucosidase in the digestive tract. In this paper, we first investigated the combined inhibitory effect of green tea extracts, green tea polyphenols or EGCG with acarbose on α-amylase and α-glucosidase in vitro. Our results indicated that the interaction between green tea extracts (green tea polyphenols or EGCG) and acarbose was complicated. The combination of green tea extracts, green tea polyphenols or EGCG with acarbose had a synergistic effect on α-amylase and α-glucosidase at low concentrations and the combined effect turned out to be antagonistic at high concentrations according to the Combination Index (CI) values. These findings not only provided some significant quantitative values, but also provide some valuable implications for the combined use of acarbose and GTE (GTP or EGCG) in the treatment of diabetes mellitus.
Keywords: green tea extracts; polyphenols; EGCG; combination green tea extracts; polyphenols; EGCG; combination
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Gao, J.; Xu, P.; Wang, Y.; Wang, Y.; Hochstetter, D. Combined Effects of Green Tea Extracts, Green Tea Polyphenols or Epigallocatechin Gallate with Acarbose on Inhibition against α-Amylase and α-Glucosidase in Vitro. Molecules 2013, 18, 11614-11623.

AMA Style

Gao J, Xu P, Wang Y, Wang Y, Hochstetter D. Combined Effects of Green Tea Extracts, Green Tea Polyphenols or Epigallocatechin Gallate with Acarbose on Inhibition against α-Amylase and α-Glucosidase in Vitro. Molecules. 2013; 18(9):11614-11623.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gao, Junjie; Xu, Ping; Wang, Yuefei; Wang, Yiqi; Hochstetter, Danielle. 2013. "Combined Effects of Green Tea Extracts, Green Tea Polyphenols or Epigallocatechin Gallate with Acarbose on Inhibition against α-Amylase and α-Glucosidase in Vitro." Molecules 18, no. 9: 11614-11623.


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