Abstract: Species of the agave genus, such as Agave tequilana, Agave angustifolia and Agave americana are used in Mexican traditional medicine to treat inflammation-associated conditions. These plants’ leaves contain saponin compounds which show anti-inflammatory properties in different models. The goal of this investigation was to evaluate the anti-inflammatory capacity of these plants, identify which is the most active, and isolate the active compound by a bio-directed fractionation using the ear edema induced in mice with 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) technique. A dose of 6 mg/ear of acetone extract from the three agave species induced anti-inflammatory effects, however, the one from A. americana proved to be the most active. Different fractions of this species showed biological activity. Finally the F5 fraction at 2.0 mg/ear induced an inhibition of 85.6%. We identified one compound in this fraction as (25R)-5α-spirostan-3β,6α,23α-triol-3,6-di-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (cantalasaponin-1) through 1H- and 13C-NMR spectral analysis and two dimensional experiments like DEPT NMR, COSY, HSQC and HMBC. This steroidal glycoside showed a dose dependent effect of up to 90% of ear edema inhibition at the highest dose of 1.5 mg/ear.
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Monterrosas-Brisson, N.; Ocampo, M.L.A.; Jiménez-Ferrer, E.; Jiménez-Aparicio, A.R.; Zamilpa, A.; Gonzalez-Cortazar, M.; Tortoriello, J.; Herrera-Ruiz, M. Anti-Inflammatory Activity of Different Agave Plants and the Compound Cantalasaponin-1. Molecules 2013, 18, 8136-8146.
Monterrosas-Brisson N, Ocampo MLA, Jiménez-Ferrer E, Jiménez-Aparicio AR, Zamilpa A, Gonzalez-Cortazar M, Tortoriello J, Herrera-Ruiz M. Anti-Inflammatory Activity of Different Agave Plants and the Compound Cantalasaponin-1. Molecules. 2013; 18(7):8136-8146.
Monterrosas-Brisson, Nayeli; Ocampo, Martha L.A.; Jiménez-Ferrer, Enrique; Jiménez-Aparicio, Antonio R.; Zamilpa, Alejandro; Gonzalez-Cortazar, Manases; Tortoriello, Jaime; Herrera-Ruiz, Maribel. 2013. "Anti-Inflammatory Activity of Different Agave Plants and the Compound Cantalasaponin-1." Molecules 18, no. 7: 8136-8146.