Molecules 2013, 18(2), 2222-2235; doi:10.3390/molecules18022222
Article

Preparation of an Immunoaffinity Column with Amino-Silica Gel Microparticles and Its Application in Sample Cleanup for Aflatoxin Detection in Agri-Products

1,2,3,4,†email, 1,2,3,4,†email, 1,2,3,4,* email, 1,2,3,* email, 1,2,3,5email and 1,2,5email
Received: 13 December 2012; in revised form: 24 January 2013 / Accepted: 28 January 2013 / Published: 11 February 2013
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: This study established an immunoaffinity column for selective extraction of aflatoxins in agri-products. Specifically, the immunoaffinity column was developed by covalently coupling monoclonal antibody 1C11 against aflatoxins to amino-silica gel microparticles and then packing these into a cartridge. The extraction conditions were thoroughly optimized in terms of loading, washing and eluting solutions. Under the optimal conditions, the immunoaffinity column had a capacity of 200 ng of aflatoxins. The detection limits (S/N = 3) for aflatoxin G1, B1, G2 and B2 were 0.03, 0.07, 0.05 and 0.09 μg·kg−1, and the corresponding quantification limits (S/N = 10) were 0.10, 0.25, 0.18 and 0.30 μg·kg−1, respectively. The recoveries of aflatoxins in samples were 90.1%–104.4% and RSDs were <4.4%. The developed method was further applied to the determination of aflatoxins in peanut, vegetable oil and tea samples, and the results indicated that peanut (26.9%), vegetable oils (28.0%) and tea (5.3%) samples were contaminated with aflatoxins, with levels ranging from 0.49 to 20.79 μg·kg−1.
Keywords: aflatoxins; immunoaffinity column; amino-silica gel; microparticle conjugate; agri-products; HPLC
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ma, F.; Chen, R.; Li, P.; Zhang, Q.; Zhang, W.; Hu, X. Preparation of an Immunoaffinity Column with Amino-Silica Gel Microparticles and Its Application in Sample Cleanup for Aflatoxin Detection in Agri-Products. Molecules 2013, 18, 2222-2235.

AMA Style

Ma F, Chen R, Li P, Zhang Q, Zhang W, Hu X. Preparation of an Immunoaffinity Column with Amino-Silica Gel Microparticles and Its Application in Sample Cleanup for Aflatoxin Detection in Agri-Products. Molecules. 2013; 18(2):2222-2235.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ma, Fei; Chen, Ran; Li, Peiwu; Zhang, Qi; Zhang, Wen; Hu, Xiaofeng. 2013. "Preparation of an Immunoaffinity Column with Amino-Silica Gel Microparticles and Its Application in Sample Cleanup for Aflatoxin Detection in Agri-Products." Molecules 18, no. 2: 2222-2235.

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