Molecules 2013, 18(12), 14948-14960; doi:10.3390/molecules181214948
Article

Chemical Composition and Biological Activity of Essential Oils of Origanum vulgare L. subsp. vulgare L. under Different Growth Conditions

1 Department of Pharmacy, University of Salerno, Via Giovanni Paolo II, 84084 Fisciano (SA), Italy 2 Department of Pharmacy, University of Naples "Federico II", Via D. Montesano 49, 80131 Napoli, Italy
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 24 October 2013; in revised form: 25 November 2013 / Accepted: 27 November 2013 / Published: 4 December 2013
(This article belongs to the Section Natural Products)
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Abstract: This research was aimed at investigating the essential oil production, chemical composition and biological activity of a crop of pink flowered oregano (Origanum vulgare L. subsp. vulgare L.) under different spatial distribution of the plants (single and binate rows). This plant factor was shown to affect its growth, soil covering, fresh biomass, essential oil amount and composition. In particular, the essential oil percentage was higher for the binate row treatment at the full bloom. The chemical composition of the oils obtained by hydrodistillation was fully characterized by GC and GC-MS. The oil from plants grown in single rows was rich in sabinene, while plants grown in double rows were richer in ocimenes. The essential oils showed antimicrobial action, mainly against Gram-positive pathogens and particularly Bacillus cereus and B. subtilis.
Keywords: Origanum vulgare subsp. vulgare; plant distribution; essential oil composition; antimicrobial activity

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MDPI and ACS Style

De Falco, E.; Mancini, E.; Roscigno, G.; Mignola, E.; Taglialatela-Scafati, O.; Senatore, F. Chemical Composition and Biological Activity of Essential Oils of Origanum vulgare L. subsp. vulgare L. under Different Growth Conditions. Molecules 2013, 18, 14948-14960.

AMA Style

De Falco E, Mancini E, Roscigno G, Mignola E, Taglialatela-Scafati O, Senatore F. Chemical Composition and Biological Activity of Essential Oils of Origanum vulgare L. subsp. vulgare L. under Different Growth Conditions. Molecules. 2013; 18(12):14948-14960.

Chicago/Turabian Style

De Falco, Enrica; Mancini, Emilia; Roscigno, Graziana; Mignola, Enrico; Taglialatela-Scafati, Orazio; Senatore, Felice. 2013. "Chemical Composition and Biological Activity of Essential Oils of Origanum vulgare L. subsp. vulgare L. under Different Growth Conditions." Molecules 18, no. 12: 14948-14960.

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