Molecules 2013, 18(12), 14597-14612; doi:10.3390/molecules181214597
Article

Nutraceutical Value of Black Cherry Prunus serotina Ehrh. Fruits: Antioxidant and Antihypertensive Properties

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Received: 8 October 2013; in revised form: 12 November 2013 / Accepted: 14 November 2013 / Published: 25 November 2013
(This article belongs to the Section Metabolites)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: In Mexico black cherry (Prunus serotina Ehrh.) fruits are consumed fresh, dried or prepared in jam. Considering the evidence that has linked intake of fruits and vegetables rich in polyphenols to cardiovascular risk reduction, the aim of this study was to characterize the phenolic profile of black cherry fruits and to determine their antioxidant, vasorelaxant and antihypertensive effects. The proximate composition and mineral contents of these fruits were also assessed. Black cherry fruits possess a high content of phenolic compounds and display a significant antioxidant capacity. High-performance liquid chromatography/mass spectrometric analysis indicated that hyperoside, anthocyanins and chlorogenic acid were the main phenolic compounds found in these fruits. The black cherry aqueous extract elicited a concentration-dependent relaxation of aortic rings and induced a significant reduction on systolic blood pressure in L-NAME induced hypertensive rats after four weeks of treatment. Proximate analysis showed that black cherry fruits have high sugar, protein, and potassium contents. The results derived from this study indicate that black cherry fruits contain phenolic compounds which elicit significant antioxidant and antihypertensive effects. These findings suggest that these fruits might be considered as functional foods useful for the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular diseases.
Keywords: Prunus serotina; black cherry; polyphenols; antioxidant capacity; vasorelaxant effect; antihypertensive effect
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MDPI and ACS Style

Luna-Vázquez, F.J.; Ibarra-Alvarado, C.; Rojas-Molina, A.; Rojas-Molina, J.I.; Yahia, E.M.; Rivera-Pastrana, D.M.; Rojas-Molina, A.; Zavala-Sánchez, Á.M. Nutraceutical Value of Black Cherry Prunus serotina Ehrh. Fruits: Antioxidant and Antihypertensive Properties. Molecules 2013, 18, 14597-14612.

AMA Style

Luna-Vázquez FJ, Ibarra-Alvarado C, Rojas-Molina A, Rojas-Molina JI, Yahia EM, Rivera-Pastrana DM, Rojas-Molina A, Zavala-Sánchez ÁM. Nutraceutical Value of Black Cherry Prunus serotina Ehrh. Fruits: Antioxidant and Antihypertensive Properties. Molecules. 2013; 18(12):14597-14612.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Luna-Vázquez, Francisco J.; Ibarra-Alvarado, César; Rojas-Molina, Alejandra; Rojas-Molina, Juana I.; Yahia, Elhadi M.; Rivera-Pastrana, Dulce M.; Rojas-Molina, Adriana; Zavala-Sánchez, Ángel Miguel. 2013. "Nutraceutical Value of Black Cherry Prunus serotina Ehrh. Fruits: Antioxidant and Antihypertensive Properties." Molecules 18, no. 12: 14597-14612.

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