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Molecules 2012, 17(7), 8506-8517; doi:10.3390/molecules17078506
Article

Green Biosynthesis of Silver Nanoparticles Using Callicarpa maingayi Stem Bark Extraction

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1 Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang UPM 43400, Selangor, Malaysia 2 Materials and Energy Research Center, Karaj 317-798-3634, Iran 3 Department of Chemistry, College of Science, University of Kufa, B.O. Box 21, An-Najaf 54001, Iraq 4 Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Islamic Azad University, Malard Branch 316-915-3174, Iran 5 Department of Chemistry, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran 145-157-75, Iran 6 Advance Materials and Nanotechnology Laboratory, Institute of Malaysia Advance Technology, Serdang UPM 43400, Selangor, Malaysia 7 Centre of Research in Nanotechnology and Catalysis (COMBICAT), IPS Building, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 June 2012 / Revised: 20 June 2012 / Accepted: 21 June 2012 / Published: 16 July 2012
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Abstract

Different biological methods are gaining recognition for the production of silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs) due to their multiple applications. The use of plants in the green synthesis of nanoparticles emerges as a cost effective and eco-friendly approach. In this study the green biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles using Callicarpa maingayi stem bark extract has been reported. Characterizations of nanoparticles were done using different methods, which include; ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy (UV-Vis), powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence (EDXF) spectrometry, zeta potential measurements and Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy. UV-visible spectrum of the aqueous medium containing silver nanoparticles showed absorption peak at around 456 nm. The TEM study showed that mean diameter and standard deviation for the formation of silver nanoparticles were 12.40 ± 3.27 nm. The XRD study showed that the particles are crystalline in nature, with a face centered cubic (fcc) structure. The most needed outcome of this work will be the development of value added products from Callicarpa maingayi for biomedical and nanotechnology based industries.
Keywords: biosynthesis; silver nanoparticles; Callicarpa maingayi; green synthesis; fourier transform infrared biosynthesis; silver nanoparticles; Callicarpa maingayi; green synthesis; fourier transform infrared
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Shameli, K.; Bin Ahmad, M.; Jaffar Al-Mulla, E.A.; Ibrahim, N.A.; Shabanzadeh, P.; Rustaiyan, A.; Abdollahi, Y.; Bagheri, S.; Abdolmohammadi, S.; Usman, M.S.; Zidan, M. Green Biosynthesis of Silver Nanoparticles Using Callicarpa maingayi Stem Bark Extraction. Molecules 2012, 17, 8506-8517.

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