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Molecules 2012, 17(7), 7887-7902; doi:10.3390/molecules17077887

The Genus Caesalpinia L. (Caesalpiniaceae): Phytochemical and Pharmacological Characteristics

1, 1, 1, 1, 2, 2, Jr. 1,*  and 1,*
1 Institute of Chemistry, Federal University of Alfenas, 37130-000 Alfenas, MG, Brazil 2 Institute of Environmental, Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Federal University of São Paulo, 09972 Diadema, SP, Brazil
* Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 20 April 2012 / Revised: 14 June 2012 / Accepted: 14 June 2012 / Published: 29 June 2012
(This article belongs to the collection Bioactive Compounds)
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The genus Caesalpinia (Caesalpiniaceae) has more than 500 species, many of which have not yet been investigated for potential pharmacological activity. Several classes of chemical compounds, such as flavonoids, diterpenes, and steroids, have been isolated from various species of the genus Caesalpinia. It has been reported in the literature that these species exhibit a wide range of pharmacological properties, including antiulcer, anticancer, antidiabetic, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, and antirheumatic activities that have proven to be efficacious in ethnomedicinal practices. In this review we present chemical and pharmacological data from recent phytochemical studies on various plants of the genus Caesalpinia.
Keywords: Caesalpinia; terpenoids; phenolic derivatives; biological activity Caesalpinia; terpenoids; phenolic derivatives; biological activity
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Zanin, J.L.B.; de Carvalho, B.A.; Salles Martineli, P.; dos Santos, M.H.; Lago, J.H.G.; Sartorelli, P.; Viegas, C., Jr.; Soares, M.G. The Genus Caesalpinia L. (Caesalpiniaceae): Phytochemical and Pharmacological Characteristics. Molecules 2012, 17, 7887-7902.

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