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The Genus Caesalpinia L. (Caesalpiniaceae): Phytochemical and Pharmacological Characteristics
Institute of Chemistry, Federal University of Alfenas, 37130-000 Alfenas, MG, Brazil
Institute of Environmental, Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Federal University of São Paulo, 09972 Diadema, SP, Brazil
* Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 20 April 2012; in revised form: 14 June 2012 / Accepted: 14 June 2012 / Published: 29 June 2012
Abstract: The genus Caesalpinia (Caesalpiniaceae) has more than 500 species, many of which have not yet been investigated for potential pharmacological activity. Several classes of chemical compounds, such as flavonoids, diterpenes, and steroids, have been isolated from various species of the genus Caesalpinia. It has been reported in the literature that these species exhibit a wide range of pharmacological properties, including antiulcer, anticancer, antidiabetic, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, and antirheumatic activities that have proven to be efficacious in ethnomedicinal practices. In this review we present chemical and pharmacological data from recent phytochemical studies on various plants of the genus Caesalpinia.
Keywords: Caesalpinia; terpenoids; phenolic derivatives; biological activity
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Zanin, J.L.B.; de Carvalho, B.A.; Salles Martineli, P.; dos Santos, M.H.; Lago, J.H.G.; Sartorelli, P.; Viegas, C., Jr.; Soares, M.G. The Genus Caesalpinia L. (Caesalpiniaceae): Phytochemical and Pharmacological Characteristics. Molecules 2012, 17, 7887-7902.
Zanin JLB, de Carvalho BA, Salles Martineli P, dos Santos MH, Lago JHG, Sartorelli P, Viegas C, Jr, Soares MG. The Genus Caesalpinia L. (Caesalpiniaceae): Phytochemical and Pharmacological Characteristics. Molecules. 2012; 17(7):7887-7902.
Zanin, João L. Baldim; de Carvalho, Bianca A.; Salles Martineli, Paloma; dos Santos, Marcelo Henrique; Lago, João Henrique G.; Sartorelli, Patrícia; Viegas, Cláudio, Jr.; Soares, Marisi G. 2012. "The Genus Caesalpinia L. (Caesalpiniaceae): Phytochemical and Pharmacological Characteristics." Molecules 17, no. 7: 7887-7902.