Next Article in Journal
Guanidine Affects Differentially the Twitch Response of Diaphragm, Extensor Digitorum Longus and Soleus Nerve-Muscle Preparations of Mice
Next Article in Special Issue
In Situ Electrochemical SFG/DFG Study of CN and Nitrile Adsorption at Au from 1-Butyl-1-methyl-pyrrolidinium Bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl) Amide Ionic Liquid ([BMP][TFSA]) Containing 4-{2-[1-(2-Cyanoethyl)-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroquinolin-6-yl]diazenyl} Benzonitrile (CTDB) and K[Au(CN)2]
Previous Article in Journal
An Oxidized Squalene Derivative from Protium subserratum Engl. (Engl.) Growing in Peru
Previous Article in Special Issue
A Convenient Synthesis of Triflate Anion Ionic Liquids and Their Properties
Article Menu

Article Versions

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Molecules 2012, 17(6), 7458-7502; doi:10.3390/molecules17067458

Ionic Liquids — Promising but Challenging Solvents for Homogeneous Derivatization of Cellulose

Laboratory of Fibre and Cellulose Technology, Åbo Akademi University, Porthansgatan 3 FI-20500 Turku, Finland
Institute of Organic Chemistry and Macromolecular Chemistry, Friedrich Schiller University of Jena, Centre of Excellence for Polysaccharide Research, Humboldtstraße 10, D-07743 Jena, Germany
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 11 May 2012 / Revised: 5 June 2012 / Accepted: 6 June 2012 / Published: 15 June 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ionic Liquids)
Download PDF [1121 KB, uploaded 18 June 2014]   |  


In the past decade, ionic liquids (ILs) have received enormous interest as solvents for cellulose. They have been studied intensively for fractionation and biorefining of lignocellulosic biomass, for dissolution of the polysaccharide, for preparation of cellulosic fibers, and in particular as reaction media for the homogeneous preparation of highly engineered polysaccharide derivatives. ILs show great potential for application on a commercial scale regarding recyclability, high dissolution power, and their broad structural diversity. However, a critical analysis reveals that these promising features are combined with serious drawbacks that need to be addressed in order to utilize ILs for the efficient synthesis of cellulose derivatives. This review presents a comprehensive overview about chemical modification of cellulose in ILs. Difficulties encountered thereby are discussed critically and current as well as future developments in this field of polysaccharide research are outlined.
Keywords: cellulose; ionic liquids; homogeneous synthesis; cellulose derivatives; reaction media cellulose; ionic liquids; homogeneous synthesis; cellulose derivatives; reaction media

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Gericke, M.; Fardim, P.; Heinze, T. Ionic Liquids — Promising but Challenging Solvents for Homogeneous Derivatization of Cellulose. Molecules 2012, 17, 7458-7502.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Molecules EISSN 1420-3049 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top